Risk factors for developmental defects of enamel in children from southeastern Brazil

Caio L. B. Reis Mariane C. F. Barbosa Daniela C. de Lima João A. Brancher Célia M. C. F. Lopes Flares Baratto-Filho Erika C. Küchler Daniela S. B. de Oliveira

Risk factors for developmental defects of enamel in children from southeastern Brazil

Authors: Caio L. B. Reis Mariane C. F. Barbosa Daniela C. de Lima João A. Brancher Célia M. C. F. Lopes Flares Baratto-Filho Erika C. Küchler Daniela S. B. de Oliveira
doi: 10.1922/CDH_00242Reis04

Abstract

Introduction: Developmental Defects of Enamel (DDEs) comprise qualitative and/or quantitative changes to the enamel during amelogenesis. The aetiology of DDE remains inconclusive. Aim: To determine the association of pre, peri, and postnatal factors with the presence of DDE. Design: Cross-sectional study with 353 children (8 to 11 years-old) in a Brazilian town. Methods: One calibrated dentist assessed DDE using the Developmental Defects of Enamel Index and a questionnaire collected medical and sociodemographic data. Main outcomes: Children with at least one type of DDE were categorized into the DDE group. Subtypes of DDE were also recorded. Results: 63.1% of children had at least one type of DDE. Diffuse opacity was present in 36.7%, demarcated opacity in 14.8%, and hypoplasia in 5.83% of the children. In multivariate analysis, demarcated opacities and hypoplasia were associated with birth weight < 2500g (OR = 4.82; 95% CI 1.23-1.95). Conclusion: Low birth weight predicted DDE. Keywords: Growth and Development, Dental Enamel Hypoplasia, teeth abnormalities, Tooth Hypomineralization, Odontogenesis Prenatal Injuries, Neonatal Diseases

£10 single article

Subscribe

Print
£130
Online (Single user only)
£130
Print & Online (Single user only)
£150
Institution Online (IP address validation)
£220

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.