June 2014

Volume 31, Issue 2

The caries experience of 5-year-old children in Scotland, Wales and England in 2011-2012: Reports of cross-sectional surveys using BASCD criteria

Authors: N. Monaghan G.M. Davies C.M. Jones M.Z. Morgan J.S. Neville N.B. Pitts
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3351Monaghan06

Abstract

Objective: This paper collates differences in methods and trends in caries prevalence in surveys of the oral health of young children undertaken in Scotland, Wales and England in 2011-12. For Wales and England this was the second survey carried out since changes were required in consent arrangements. Method: In compliance with BASCD criteria representative samples were drawn within the geographies of primary care organisations across the UK, and within Local Authorities across England and Wales. Consent was sought in two ways; via opt-in parental consent in England and Wales and opt-out parental consent in Scotland. Children aged five were examined in England and those aged 5 to 6 were examined in Wales and Scotland. Examinations were conducted in schools by trained and calibrated examiners and caries was diagnosed at the dentinal threshold using visual criteria. Results: In Scotland there is a continuing decline in caries prevalence in young school children. Comparison with the previous survey using positive consent in England and Wales shows a decline in caries in both England and Wales although decay levels remain higher in more deprived areas. Conclusion: International comparisons assist in interpreting data and trends even if there are some differences in approach. A trend line is more useful than a single data point for monitoring of oral health. This second survey using positive parental consent in England and Wales has enabled trend analysis for the first time since the consent arrangements changed. Key words: epidemiology, dental caries, dmf index, Great Britain, parental consent

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Dentists’ perspectives on caries-related treatment decisions 91-98 Download
Determinants and trends in dental expenditures in the adult US population: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey 1996-2006 99-104 Download
The caries experience of 5-year-old children in Scotland, Wales and England in 2011-2012: Reports of cross-sectional surveys using BASCD criteria 105-110 Download
What are the most accurate predictors of caries in children aged 5 years in the UK? 111-116 Download
Bruxism and health related quality of life in Southern Italy’s prison inmates 117-122 Download
Oral health inequalities in Italian schoolchildren a cross-sectional evaluation 123-128 Download

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