December 2017

Volume 34, Issue 4

The interaction effects between race and functional disabilities on the prevalence of self-reported periodontal diseases - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012

Authors: Rie Suzuki
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4137Suzuki07

Abstract

Background: Racial minority groups and adults with functional disabilities (FDs) disproportionally experience periodontal diseases. However, little is known about the interactions of these two characteristics in disease prevalence. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between FDs and periodontal experiences, and to identify whether race has a particular influence on this relationship. Methods: Data were derived from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012, in a representative sample of adults aged 30 years and older. FDs were defined as experiencing limitations in activities of daily living. The weighted logistic regression models were performed using SAS software. Results: The incidence of FDs was associated with a poor self-rated perception of teeth and gum health, gum disease, bone loss, and loss of teeth. The racial minority groups with FDs were more likely to report poor teeth and gum health, loose teeth, and a history of gum disease treatment. Mexican Americans with FDs reported poor teeth and gum health, gum disease, and had been previously treated for gum disease. African Americans with FDs were more likely to be diagnosed with bone loss and loose teeth. Practical Implications: Racial minority groups with FDs were more likely to be associated with periodontal disease and poor oral health. To improve oral health, access to dental care among minority populations is important, particularly for people with FDs in community settings. Dentists should reach out to these underrepresented groups to address their oral health needs. Key words: Periodontal diseases, Disability, Ethnic minorities

£10 single article

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Supervised toothbrushing programs in primary schools and early childhood settings: A scoping review 208-225 £10 single article
Investigating socioeconomic position in dental caries and traumatic dental injury among children in Quebec 226-233 £10 single article
The interaction effects between race and functional disabilities on the prevalence of self-reported periodontal diseases - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012 234-240 £10 single article
Finnish dentists find smoking cessation important but seldom offer practical support for their patients 241-247 £10 single article
Examiner calibration in caries detection for populations and settings where in vivo calibration is not practical 248-253 £10 single article
Correspondence to Editor 254-254 £10 single article

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