Effectiveness of strategies to increase participation in school-based epidemiological surveys: a rapid review

Tom A. Dyer Anne-Marie Glenny Laura MacDonald Zoe Marshman Kate Jones

Effectiveness of strategies to increase participation in school-based epidemiological surveys: a rapid review

Authors: Tom A. Dyer Anne-Marie Glenny Laura MacDonald Zoe Marshman Kate Jones
doi: 10.1922/CDH_00242Dyer07

Abstract

Objective: Rapid review of the literature on strategies to increase participation rates in school-based epidemiological surveys. Basic research design: Rapid review. MEDLINE and Embase databases were searched for articles written in English from 2000 onwards. Synthesised evidence and primary research were included as data sources from peer reviewed journals and reports. Interventions: Any strategy aiming to increase participation in school-based health surveys. The comparator was usual procedure or an alternative strategy to increase participation. Main outcome measures: Primary outcomes included participation and consent rates. Secondary outcomes were feasibility, acceptability and adverse effects. Results: The search identified 591 unique records, of which 587 were excluded. Four studies were suitable for inclusion, including one systematic review, one randomised controlled trial, one cross-sectional study and one retrospective analysis. Based on very low certainty evidence, recommendations for maximising participation rates in one systematic review of US studies included: promoting the survey to school staff, parents and students; disseminating study information using direct rather than mediated methods; offering incentives to schools, staff and participants; following up non-responders; and employing a research team member to co-ordinate and monitor recruitment. However, UK studies found that different strategies did not increase participation more than that achieved by a standard approach (delivery of covering letter/consent forms via the child with no follow-up of non-responders). Conclusion: Given the lack of evidence of effectiveness of alternative strategies in the UK, additional measures beyond existing standard approaches for active consent cannot be recommended. Keywords: Schools, health surveys, oral health, parental consent

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