December 2006

Volume 23, Issue 4

Prevalence and factors associated with traumatic dental injuries (TDI) to anterior teeth of 11-13 year old Thai children

Authors: A. Sheiham R.G. Watt P. Malikaew


Objective: The objective was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with Traumatic Dental Injuries (TDI) to anterior teeth of 11-13 year old Thai children. Methods: A cross sectional survey was carried out in a sample of 2,725 children from 52 primary school classes in the Chiang Mai urban area of Thailand. The children were clinically examined for TDI and interviewed. Results: 35.0% of children experienced TDI. Males (45.3%) had TDI levels approximately twice as high as females (25.2%), and the prevalence of TDI increased with age. TDI were more common amongst children living in more disadvantaged households and whose parents were less educated. Children with an overjet greater than 5mm were also more likely to have TDI. Most of the affected children (20.6%) had trauma to 1 tooth, 10.3% to 2, 2.6% had 3 teeth affected. The proportion of damaged teeth was 4.6 per 100 anterior teeth. Central incisors were the most common teeth with TDI, both in the upper and lower jaws. Enamel fracture was the major type of TDI. Most of the TDI occurred at home and school. Running was the major activity leading to TDI. ‘Falls’ was the most common manner causing TDI (24.8%). Ground surfaces (22.4% of all cases), particularly concrete surfaces (14.6% of all cases), were the most common vectors which directly contacted or injured children. Biting hard material was the most common activity leading to TDI. Conclusion: Traumatic dental injuries are common and are an important dental public health problem in Thailand. Key words: children, prevention, strategy, traumatic dental injuries


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - Presentations and conferences: can we measure their value? 194-196 Download
Caries prevalence in 12-year-old children from Germany. Results of the 2004 national survey 197-202 Download
The relationship between prevalence and incidence of dental caries. Some observational consequences. 203-208 Download
Characteristics attributed to individuals with dental fluorosis 209-216 Download
DIAGNOdent - an adjunctive diagnostic method for caries diagnosis in epidemiology 217-221 Download
Prevalence and factors associated with traumatic dental injuries (TDI) to anterior teeth of 11-13 year old Thai children 222-227 Download
Performance indicators used to assess the quality of primary dental care 228-235 Download
A survey of school dental screening practise in community dental services of England and Wales in 2003 236-238 Download
The prevalence and pattern of hypodontia of the permanent teeth and crown size and shape deformity affecting upper lateral incisors in a sample of Jordanian dental patients. 239-243 Download
Relationship between dental caries experience (DMFS) and dental fluorosis in 12-year-old Puerto Ricans. 244-250 Download
Prevalence of dental caries in obese and normal-weight Brazilian adolescents attending state and private schools. 251-253 Download
Abstracts - Papers presented at the BASCD Spring Presidential meeting in Cambridge, UK, March 2006 254-254 Download


Online (Single user only)
Institution Online (IP address validation)

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.