March 2007

Volume 24, Issue 1

Enamel defects and its relation to life course events in primary dentition of Brazilian children: A longitudinal study

Authors: A.M.B. Chaves A. Rosenblatt A.F.B. Oliveira


Objective: To evaluate the cumulative incidence of enamel defects (ED) and its correlation with life course events such as malnutrition and pre- and postnatal infections, in a cohort of children of low socioeconomic status. Methods: The children were registered at birth and examined from 12 to 36 months of age. At the baseline, 246 were examined and in the follow-up, 228. The teeth were examined under natural light and dried with gauze. ED was determined by the DDE index. Results: Results show that gender was not significant. The cumulative incidence of ED at the last recall examination was 78.9%. The most prevalent type of defect was diffuse opacity, present on the gingival half of the buccal surface (p<0.001). For logistic regression analysis maternal infections, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), malnutrition and postnatal infections were selected as predictor variables for the occurrence of enamel defects. Conclusions: The results indicate that life course events such as undernutrition and childhood infections during teeth development may be associated with enamel defects in socioeconomically underprivileged communities and may compromise the oral health-related quality of life. Key words: Enamel defects; life course; longitudinal study, primary dentition


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - Expanding dental undergraduate clinical outreach programmes into general dental practice. 2-3 Download
Community effectiveness of fissure sealants and the effect of fluoridated water consumption 4-11 Download
Financial systems’ impact on dental care; a review of fee-forservice and capitation systems 12-20 Download
Agreement amongst examiners assessing dental fluorosis from digital photographs using the TF index. 21-25 Download
Frequency and distribution patterns of sealants among 15-year-olds in Denmark in 2003 26-30 Download
Enamel defects and its relation to life course events in primary dentition of Brazilian children: A longitudinal study 31-36 Download
Oral health care and status of elderly care home residents in Glasgow. 37-42 Download
Knowledge of and attitudes toward severe acute respiratory syndrome among a cohort of dental patients in Hong Kong following a major local outbreak 43-48 Download
Conversion tables for the Corah and Modified Dental Anxiety Scales 49-54 Download
An audit of paediatric dental treatments carried out under general anaesthesia in a sample of Spanish patients 55-58 Download
BASCD Survey - The dental caries experience of 5-year-old children in Great Britain (2005/6). Surveys co-ordinated by the British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry. 59-63 Download


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