December 2008

Volume 25, Issue 4

Effect of tooth loss and denture status on oral health-related quality of life of older individuals from Sri Lanka

Authors: C. Pallegedara L. Ekanayake
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2171Ekanayake05

Abstract

Objective To determine the effect of tooth loss and denture status on oral health-related quality of life of older individuals. Basic research design A cross-sectional study where the data were collected by means of an interviewer administered questionnaire and a clinical oral examination. Participants The sample consisted of 630 free-living older individuals who were 60 years and above. The present analysis is limited to 619 individuals who had at least one missing tooth. Main outcome measures The impact of tooth loss and denture status on oral health related quality of life was assessed using a Sinhalese translation of the Oral Health Impact profile-14 (OHIP-14). Results In the edentate group, overall prevalence of oral impacts was significantly higher in non-denture wearers (53%) compared to denture wearers (32%). In both dentate and edentate groups, the most commonly reported impact item was “uncomfortable to eat”. According to the logistic regression analysis having 25-31 missing teeth with an odds ratio of 4.21 had the strongest association with the OHIP score. Those with anterior dental spaces were 2.76 times more likely to have an impact score of >2 than those without such spaces. Compared to denture wearers, non-denture wearers were 2.81 times more likely to have an impact score of >2. Conclusions Oral health-related quality of life of older individuals was significantly affected by tooth loss, position of missing teeth and denture status. Key words: Denture status, older individuals, oral health related quality of life, tooth loss.

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Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - The statistical legacy of William Sealy Gosset (“Student”) 194-195 Download
Effect of tooth loss and denture status on oral health-related quality of life of older individuals from Sri Lanka 196-200 Download
The distribution of general dental practitioners with NHS contract numbers in relation to the distance of their practices from the seven dental undergraduate teaching hospitals in England outside London 201-204 Download
Evaluation of oral health-related quality of life questionnaires in a general child population 205-210 Download
Retention and effectiveness of fissure sealants in Kuwaiti school children 211-215 Download
Loss of sealant retention and subsequent caries development. 216-220 Download
Oral health and treatment needs among 15-year-olds in Tehran, Iran 221-225 Download
The frequency of periodontal infrabony defects on panoramic radiographs of an adult population seeking dental care 226-230 Download
Oral health problems and needs in nursing home residents in Northern Italy 231-236 Download
Caries prevalence and need for dental care in 13–18-year-olds in the Municipality of Milan, Italy. 237-242 Download
Number of teeth and serum lipid peroxide in 85-year-olds 243-247 Download
Access to dental services for people with a physical disability: a survey of general dental practitioners in Leicestershire, UK 248-252 Download
Short Communication - Risk indicators of dental caries in 5-year-old Brazilian children 253-256 Download

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