June 2010

Volume 27, Issue 2

Caries prevalence and intra-oral pattern among young children in Ajman.

Authors: R. Hashim S.M. Williams W.M. Thomson M.A. Awad
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2428Hashim05


Objective: To describe the prevalence and intra-oral pattern of caries among young children in Ajman, UAE. Methods: A one-stage cluster sampling was used to randomly select children aged 5 or 6 years old who were enrolled in public or private schools in Ajman. Clinical examinations for dental caries were conducted by a single examiner using WHO criteria. Results: The total number of children sampled was 1297, of whom 1036 (79.9%) were dentally examined. The prevalence of caries (defined as dmft >0) in 5- and 6-year-olds was 72.9% (95% CI, 61.8, 83.9) and 80.0% (95% CI, 76.0, 84.4) respectively, with mean dmft scores of 4.0 (sd, 4.1) and 4.9 (sd, 4.3) respectively (P<0.05). The teeth most frequently affected by caries were mandibular second molars (38.6% of those on the left, and 36.9% of those on the right) and the least affected were mandibular central incisors (2.1% and 2.0% respectively). The prevalence of bilateral molar caries (that is, contralateral teeth both affected) was relatively high, being 29.7% for mandibular second molars and 28.3% for mandibular first molars. Conclusions: Dental caries prevalence and severity in 5- and 6-year-olds in Ajman were high, with the lower molars and upper central incisors most commonly affected by caries. There is an urgent need for oral health programs targeted at the treatment and prevention of dental caries in these children. Key words: Caries, children, intra-oral pattern, prevalence, U.A.E.


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - Use of qualitative data in oral health research 66-67 Download
A health equity methodology for auditing oral health and NHS General Dental Services in Sheffield, England. 68-73 Download
Effectiveness of structured comprehensive paediatric oral health education for parents of children less than two years of age in Germany 74-80 Download
An assessment of nutritional information in oral health education leaflets 81-88 Download
Reliability analysis of visual examinations carried out by schoolteachers and a dental assistant in the detection of dental caries. 89-93 Download
Oral health in children in Denmark under different public dental health care schemes 94-101 Download
Caries experience and oral health behaviour among 11 – 13-year-olds: an ecological study of data from 27 European countries, Israel, Canada and USA 102-108 Download
Caries prevalence and intra-oral pattern among young children in Ajman. 109-113 Download
Endodontic treatment completion following emergency pulpectomy 114-117 Download
Prevalence of cleft lip and palate in births from 2003 – 2006 in Iran. 118-121 Download
Development of a measure of childhood information learning experiences related to dental anxiety 122-128 Download


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