June 2011

Volume 28, Issue 2

Oral health status and inequalities among ambulant older adults living in central Chile

Authors: R.J. Mariño A. Cueto O. Badenier R. Acevedo R. Moya
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2567Mariño06

Abstract

Objective: To assess the oral health status and treatment needs of older adults, living in the Valparaiso Region of Chile. Basic research design: A random sample of 354 older adults, aged 60 years or older, living independently in the community were examined orally by calibrated examiners and underwent a structured oral health interview. Data collection extended from October 2006 to June 2007. Results: This was a largely dentate population (80%) with a mean DMFT score of 21.6 (s.d. 5.7). While about 28% of the dentate sample had all their restorative needs unmet, 30.8% had all of their restorative needs met. Regarding periodontal health, 3.3% had sound periodontum; complex periodontal therapy (CPI 3-4) was needed by 43.1% of the sample. Conclusion: This study represents one of the largest data collections in oral health among older adults living in Chile. Participants seemed to have better oral health status than previously reported. Of particular relevance is the reduction of the decayed component and the increased number of sound teeth in the present sample. Participants also presented lower need for advance periodontal treatment. Yet, inequalities were apparent in the proportion of unmet restorative needs. Strategies to develop oral health care programmes focused on improving access to and use of preventive services for older adults are critical. Further research is indicated to get a more complete picture of the factors that shape the oral health of Chilean older adults. Key words: Chile, inequalities, oral health, older adults, treatment needs.

£10 single article

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Editorial - The European Association of Dental Public Health: Coming of Age 122-122 £10 single article
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Socioeconomic inequality in self-reported oral health status: The experience of Thailand after implementation of the Universal Coverage policy 136-142 £10 single article
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Oral health status and inequalities among ambulant older adults living in central Chile 143-148 £10 single article
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Use of Haavikko’s method to assess dental age in Chinese children 160-164 £10 single article
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