December 2011

Volume 28, Issue 4

Incisor trauma in a Turkish preschool population: Prevalence and socio-economic risk factors

Authors: E.C. Tümen Ö. Adıgüzel S. Kaya E. Uysal İ. Yavuz E. Özdemir F. Ataku
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2663Tümen05


Objective: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of traumatic injuries of the primary incisors in preschool children from 2 to 5 years old in South-Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Additionally, the relationship between traumatic dental injuries, parents’ education level, family income, size of incisal overjet and the presence of anterior open bite were examined. Basic research design: A cross-sectional survey Clinical settings: Data were collected through oral examinations and structured interviews, and included socio-economic indicators. Participants: A total of 727 children of both genders were included in the study. 122 of these children were aged 2; 183 aged 3; 178 aged 4 and 186 aged 5. Results: The prevalence of dental injuries was 8.0% (n=58). The highest frequency of trauma in the primary teeth was observed at the age of 4. Boys experienced more dental injuries than girls, 12.2% and 4.0%, respectively. The most common crown fracture was in enamel only (57%) followed by crown fracture of enamel and dentin (19%). Conclusion: The prevalence of dental injuries in Turkish preschool children was very low. The children with incisal overjet greater than 5mm and anterior open bite experienced more dental injuries in primary teeth than their counterparts with normal occlusion. Socio-economic indicators were not statistically significantly associated with the occurrence of traumatic dental injuries. Key words: traumatic dental injury; socio-economic indicators; primary teeth; overjet; anterior open bite


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Is the shortened dental arch an underused treatment strategy in the Republic of Ireland? 265-268 Download
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Oral health behaviour of urban and semi-urban schoolchildren in the Lao PDR 280-285 Download
Evaluation of a preventive program based on caries risk among mentally challenged children using the Cariogram model 286-291 Download
The effect of a modified fluoride toothpaste technique on buccal enamel caries in adults with high caries prevalence: a 2-year clinical trial 292-296 Download
Association of clinical oral health status with self-rated oral health and GOHAI in Japanese adults 297-300 Download
Prevalence of periodontopathogens in a black Brazilian secluded community matched with a black urban population 301-304 Download
Association of pulp stones with coronary artery stenosis 305-307 Download
Incisor trauma in a Turkish preschool population: Prevalence and socio-economic risk factors 308-312 Download
Malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need measured by the Dental Aesthetic Index and its association with dental caries in Indian schoolchildren 313-316 Download


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