September 2012

Volume 29, Issue 3

Assessment and validation of the oral impact on daily performance (OIDP) instrument among adults in Karnataka, South India

Authors: B.M. Purohit A. Singh S. Acharya M. Bhat H. Priya
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2725Purohit06

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of the study was to test the applicability of abbreviated version of the oral impact on daily performance (OIDP) inventory among the adults visiting dental outreach centre in Karnataka, South India. Basic Research Design: Cross sectional study. Clinical setting: Dental outreach centre in Udupi District, Karnataka. Participants: 312 adults aged 35-44 years attending the centre. Interventions: Face-to-face interview followed by oral health examination. The questionnaire in Kannada version of OIDP, perceived general and oral health and satisfaction with dental appearance were used. Main outcome measures: Reliability and Validity of OIDP instrument, Prevalence of oral impacts in study population. Results: Majority of the participants (71.2%) reported oral health problems affecting at least one daily performance in the 6 months preceding the survey. The performance most affected was ‘eating’ (52.2%) followed by ‘cleaning teeth’ (32.4%). Cronbach’s alpha for the OIDP frequency items was 0.70. Construct validity was proved by significant association of OIDP scores and self-rated oral, general health status and perceived satisfaction with appearance of teeth; with those more satisfied having fewer oral impacts (p<0.001). Criterion validity was demonstrated in that the OIDP scores increased significantly as the number of decayed and missing teeth increased (p<0.001). Conclusion: The Kannada version of OIDP had excellent psychometric properties for applicability among the adults in Karnataka. Thus, the study highlighted the limits of focusing exclusively on normative needs and suggested the incorporation of oral quality of life measures into the oral healthcare services. Key words: oral impacts, socio-dental indicators, quality of life, Kannada OIDP

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - Population based health and care: what does the new dental professional need to know? 194-194 £10 single article
Dental Public Health in Action - The use of dental therapists as examiners in dental epidemiological surveys 195-197 £10 single article
A service evaluation of patient pathways and care experiences of dentally anxious adult patients 198-202 £10 single article
Assessment and validation of the oral impact on daily performance (OIDP) instrument among adults in Karnataka, South India 203-208 £10 single article
The dental health of 5 year-old children living in Damascus, Syria 209-213 £10 single article
Oral impacts and their association with tooth loss in Sri Lankan adults 214-218 £10 single article
Oral Health Related Quality of Life among Older Adults in Central China 219-223 £10 single article
High levels of periodontal disease among the older adult population in San Juan, Puerto Rico 224-228 £10 single article
Caries in five different socio-economic clusters in Örebro county 229-232 £10 single article
Root caries in 35-44 and 65-74 year-olds in Turkey 233-238 £10 single article
Dental anxiety levels in British servicemen and women 239-242 £10 single article
Sexual correlates of gagging and dental anxiety 243-247 £10 single article
Oral hygiene education in adolescence based on the Precaution Adoption Process Model 248-251 £10 single article
Professional careers of graduates from one UK dental school 252-256 £10 single article

Subscribe

Print
£130
Online (Single user only)
£130
Print & Online (Single user only)
£150
Institution Online (IP address validation)
£220

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.