December 2012

Volume 29, Issue 4

Caries prevalence in 12-year-old Cypriot children

Authors: D. Panagidis A.G. Schulte
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2774Panagidis05

Abstract

Objective: To determine caries prevalence and caries experience in 12-year-old children living in the Republic of Cyprus and to evaluate whether different variables were associated with caries experience. Methods: According to the WHO recommendation, schools were randomly selected by taking into account the distribution between rural and urban regions, so that 10% of Cypriot children attending the sixth grade could be examined. In the school year 2003/2004 the children were examined in schools by one person with the aid of artificial light but without taking radiographs or fibre-optic transillumination. DMFT, presence of fissure sealants and black stain were recorded. Results: In total 951 children were examined. Caries prevalence was 32.6% (95% CI 29.62-35.6). The mean DMFT was 0.65 (sd 1.17) and the SiC was 1.95. Fissure sealants were found in 14.3% of the children. No association between frequency of tooth brushing, presence of fissure sealants or presence of black stain and caries experience was observed. Children living in rural areas had significantly higher mean DMFT values than children living in urban areas. Conclusion: A further caries decline may be attained by promoting a more extensive use of preventive measures like application of fluoride varnish or fissure sealants. Key words: caries prevalence, 12-year-olds, fissure sealants, Significant Caries Index, Cypriot children

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - Do we really need another system for recording caries? Thoughts on ICDAS 258-259 £10 single article
Dental Public Health in Action - Maintaining a survey programme during structural change 260-262 £10 single article
Dental health of Irish alcohol/drug abuse treatment centre residents 263-267 £10 single article
Recent trends in incidence and mortality of oral and pharyngeal cancer in Schleswig-Holstein in Northern Germany 268-273 £10 single article
A description of oral health in three French jails 274-278 £10 single article
Dental erosion among 12 year-old Libyan schoolchildren 279-283 £10 single article
Children’s views on the experience of a visual examination and intra-oral photographs to detect dental caries in epidemiological studies 284-288 £10 single article
Child dental anxiety, parental rearing style and referral status of children 289-292 £10 single article
Caries status in 16 year-olds with varying exposure to water fluoridation in Ireland 293-296 £10 single article
Caries prevalence in 12-year-old Cypriot children 297-301 £10 single article
Cost-effectiveness models for dental caries prevention programmes among Chilean schoolchildren 302-308 £10 single article
Industry structures in private dental markets in Finland 309-314 £10 single article
Letter from America: UK and US state-funded dental provision 315-320 £10 single article

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