December 2013

Volume 30, Issue 4

Caries experience and related factors in 4-6 year-olds attending dental clinics in Kinshasa, DR of Congo

Authors: B.F. Songo D. Declerck F. Vinckier M.D. Mbuyi C.M. Pilipili K.P. Kayembe
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3263Florent06


Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and severity of caries experience (CE) in 4-6 year-olds attending dental clinics in Kinshasa, DR Congo, and to explore possible associations with reported behavioural and socio-demographic factors. Methods: A convenience sample of children attending five dental clinics was recruited. Carers, usually parents, completed a questionnaire consisting of socio-demographic information, oral health and tobacco consumption profile of parents, socio-economic family situation and oral health habits of the child. Children were clinically examined using WHO criteria by trained dentist-examiners. To investigate factors associated with CE, multivariate logistic regression was applied with the significance level set at 0.05. Results: Some 158 children with mean age 5.3 (sd 0.7) years were recruited; 80% presented with clinical signs of CE. Between-meal snacking and drinking was reported by 78% and 65%; 35% had sugar-containing drinks. Most (81%) brushed once a day and 82% brushed in the morning. Prevalence of CE was associated with gender, frequency of meals, consumption of drinks during meals and consumption of sugar-containing drinks; severity with type of infant feeding and sugar-content of the last meal at night. Conclusion: The present study shows that both prevalence and severity of caries experience were associated with reported dietary habits, confirming the importance of preventive interventions dealing with these habits in young children living in a developing country. Key words: dental caries, primary dentition, oral health, Africa South of the Sahara


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - Need to put children’s oral health first in Israeli debate on water fluoridation 198-199 Download
Dental Public Health in Action - Stakeholder involvement in designing an oral care training package for care home staff 200-203 Download
Promoting oral health of children through schools – Results from a WHO global survey 2012 204-218 Download
A five-year evaluation of an NHS dental practice-based specialist minor oral surgery service 219-226 Download
Developing a policy guidance for financing dental care in Iran using the RAND Appropriateness Method 227-223 Download
Professional knowledge of accident and emergency doctors on the management of dental injuries 234-240 Download
A qualitative evaluation of a Local Professional Network programme “Baby Teeth DO Matter” 241-248 Download
Aesthetic perceptions regarding fluorosis by children from an area of endemic fluorosis in India 249-253 Download
Relationship between chewing ability and depressive symptoms 254-256 Download
Caries experience and related factors in 4-6 year-olds attending dental clinics in Kinshasa, DR of Congo 257-262 Download
Dentists’ training and willingness to treat adolescents with learning disabilities: the mediating role of social and clinical factors 263-268 Download


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