December 2015

Volume 32, Issue 4

Perceived mental stress in relation to oral health over time in middle-aged Swedish women

Authors: A. Wennström U. Wide Boman M. Ahlqwist C. Björkelund M. Hakeberg
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3813-Wennstrom06


Objectives: To study perceived mental stress in relation to oral health among Swedish middle-aged women over a 36-year period, including considerations concerning smoking and socioeconomic status (SES). Methods: This combined medical and dental study includes three cross-sectional (1968/9 N=746, 1980/1 N=432, 2004/5 N=500) surveys of 38- and 50-year-old women included in the Prospective Population Study of Women in Gothenburg, Sweden. Panoramic radiography was used to register the number of teeth, filled teeth and decayed teeth and the level of periodontal bone loss. The information concerning perceived mental stress, smoking and education (chosen to represent SES) was questionnaire-based. Results: Perceived mental stress increased over the 36-year period, but was not related to oral health. The time of examination year had a protective effect on oral health, with a larger number of remaining teeth, fewer decayed teeth and less periodontal bone loss in the later examination year, 2004/5, compared with 1968/9. Risk factors for poor oral health were smoking, greater age (50 vs. 38 years) and low educational level. Smokers had fewer filled teeth than non-smokers except in 2004/5, and there was a shift over time towards fewer filled teeth among highly educated women. Conclusions: A remarkable increase in perceived mental stress was seen among the women over time, but was not associated with oral health. Smoking, greater age and low educational were risk factors for poor oral health, whereas a later examination year was a protective factor. Key words: stress, oral health, women, epidemiology, periodontitis, socioeconomic status, Sweden


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Editorial - Local Dental Networks: Trendy or Transformational? 194-195 Download
The feasibility of using an alcohol screening tool in a UK dental setting to identify patients’ alcohol consumption 196-198 Download
Long term evaluation of the clinical effectiveness of community milk fluoridation in Bulgaria 199-203 Download
Is the value of oral health related to culture and environment, or function and aesthetics? 204-208 Download
Time trends and determinants of acute odontogenic maxillofacial infections in Lithuania: a retrospective national 2009-2013 treatment data audit 209-215 Download
Patient safety in domiciliary dental care for elderly nursing home residents in Sweden 216-220 Download
Dental anxiety and oral health in 15-year-olds: a repeated cross-sectional study over 30 years 221-225 Download
Development and evaluation of a Dental Patient Feedback on Consultation skills (DPFC) measure to enhance communication 226-230 Download
Listening to older adults: community consultation on a new dental service 231-236 Download
A retrospective audit of population service access trends for cleft lip and cleft palate patients 237-240 Download
Perceived mental stress in relation to oral health over time in middle-aged Swedish women 241-246 Download
Dental utilization disparities in a Jewish context: reasons and potential solutions 247-251 Download
Caregiver financial distress, depressive symptoms and limited social capital as barriers to children’s dental care in a midwestern county in the United States 252-256 Download


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