September 2016

Volume 33, Issue 3

Development of life story experience (LSE) scales for migrant dentists in Australia: a sequential qualitative-quantitative study

Authors: M. Balasubramanian A.J. Spencer S.D. Short K. Watkins S. Chrisopoulos D.S. Brennan
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3842Balasubramanian07


Introduction: The integration of qualitative and quantitative approaches introduces new avenues to bridge strengths, and address weaknesses of both methods. Objective: To develop measure(s) for migrant dentist experiences in Australia through a mixed methods approach. Methods: The sequential qualitative-quantitative design involved first the harvesting of data items from qualitative study, followed by a national survey of migrant dentists in Australia. Statements representing unique experiences in migrant dentists’ life stories were deployed the survey questionnaire, using a five-point Likert scale. Factor analysis was used to examine component factors. Results: Eighty-two statements from 51 participants were harvested from the qualitative analysis. A total of 1,022 of 1,977 migrant dentists (response rate 54.5%)returned completed questionnaires. Factor analysis supported an initial eight-factor solution; further scale development and reliability analysis led to five scales with a final list of 38 life story experience (LSE) items. Three scales were based on home country events: health system and general lifestyle concerns (LSE1; 10 items), society and culture (LSE4; 4 items) and career development (LSE5; 4 items). Two scales included migrant experiences in Australia: appreciation towards Australian way of life (LSE2; 13 items) and settlement concerns (LSE3; 7 items). Conclusion: The five life story experience scales provided necessary conceptual clarity and empirical grounding to explore migrant dentist experiences in Australia. Being based on original migrant dentist narrations, these scales have the potential to offer in-depth insights for policy makers and support future research on dentist migration. Key words: dentists, human migration, methodology, life story experience scales, Australia


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial: Selling a sugar tax: the sweet smell of success? 174-176 Download
The teaching of Dental Public Health – 50 years on 177-180 Download
The teaching of Dental Public Health and its relation to Children’s Dentistry 181-184 Download
Challenges identified in a pilot outreach dental service for Traveller children in Hackney, East London 185-188 Download
Lay public’s use of a support group for general dental problems 189-194 Download
Understanding avoidance and non-attendance among adolescents in dental care - an integrative review 195-207 Download
Variations in survival time for amalgam and resin composite restorations: a population based cohort analysis 208-212 Download
Impact of providing free preventive dental products without health workers’ counselling on infants’ tooth-brushing and bottle-feeding termination practices: a randomised controlled trial 213-217 Download
The dental public health implications of cosmetic dentistry: a scoping review of the literature 218-224 Download
Development of life story experience (LSE) scales for migrant dentists in Australia: a sequential qualitative-quantitative study 225-231 Download
Dental pain and its determinants in an adult population in Tehran, Iran, Urban HEART-2 232-236 Download


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