December 2016

Volume 33, Issue 4

The use of diet diaries in general dental practice in England

Authors: A. Arheiam S.L. Brown G. Burnside S.M. Higham S. Albadri R.V. Harris
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3928Arheiam07


Objectives: Diet diaries are recommended as a tool to support behaviour change in dental patients at high risk of dental diseases. However, little is known about their use in dental practice. This study aimed to investigate whether and how general dental practitioners (GDPs) use diet diaries and identify factors which influence their use. Methods: A postal questionnaire was sent to a stratified random sample of general dental practitioners. The questionnaire asked about demographic and professional characteristics of the GDPs and their practices regarding diet advice, collection of dietary information, diet diaries usage (e.g. frequency, considerations and barriers), and interpretation of diet diaries. Descriptive, bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. Results: From 972 eligible GDP participants, 250 (26%) responses were received. Whilst almost all of these GDPs reported giving diet advice to patients routinely, and 40% reported also referring to dental care professionals in the practice to deliver dietary advice, only 28% (70) reported that they are involved in using diet diaries. GDPs appeared to target patients for dietary advice: GDPs reported they personally gave diet advice to an estimated 63% of their patients, and referred patients to DCPs for diet advice for 11% of their (GDPs’) patients. GDPs used diet diaries more often for child than adult patients. Diet diaries usage was lower among younger dentists and in practices with higher percentages of NHS patients (p<0.05). Perceived insufficient remuneration for time involved in using diet diaries was the main reason given for their lack of use. Conclusion: Although recommended as best practice, most English GDPs do not frequently use diet diaries to collect diet information in dental practice, mainly due to perceived financial and time constraints. Development of a more efficient tool to assess the dietary habits of dental patients is needed. Key words: diet, dental practice, health education, caries, diary, England


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Abstracts from the 21st Congress of the European Association of Dental Public Health, 29th September - 1st October, 2016, Budapest, Hungary 0-0 Download
Valedictory Editorial: The past six years 1-1 Download
An intervention study to assess the effectiveness of a reminder telephone call in improving patient appointment attendance at a Community Dental Service clinic 239-241 Download
The acceptability of healthcare: from satisfaction to trust 242-251 Download
Patient characteristics in relation to dental care payment model: capitation vs fee for service 252-256 Download
Payment systems and oral health in Swedish dental care: Observations over six years 257-261 Download
A summary of knowledge about the oral health of older people in England and Wales 262-266 Download
The use of diet diaries in general dental practice in England 267-273 Download
Psychometric properties of the English version of the Oral Health Literacy Adults Questionnaire - OHL-AQ 274-280 Download
Approximal caries increment in relation to baseline approximal caries prevalence among adolescents in Sweden with and without a school-based fluoride varnish programme 281-285 Download
Variation in methods used to determine national mean DMFT scores for 12-year-old children in European countries 286-291 Download
Prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis in four English cities 292-296 Download
The relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and parental-reported experience of dental caries in Indigenous Australian children 297-302 Download
Dental problems and Familismo: social network discussion of oral health issues among adults of Mexican origin living in the Midwest United States 303-308 Download


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