June 2020

Volume 37, Issue 2

Randomized Controlled Trial: The effects of Short Message Service on mothers’ oral health knowledge and practice

Authors: Fatemeh Khademian Rita Rezaee Omid Pournik
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4642Rezaee07


Objective: Mobile health has provided an effective means to educate, empower, and provide access to health services for individuals and groups. This study aimed to compare the effects of gain-frame and loss-frame SMS on the knowledge and practice of mothers with children under the age of six years regarding pediatric oral health. Research design: This randomized controlled trial was conducted in kindergartens and preschool centers of Shiraz, Iran in 2016. There were 71 mothers in the gain-frame group, 66 in the loss-frame group and 74 in the control group. The data were collected before and three-four weeks after the intervention. Data analysis used descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation test, ANCOVA, and post-hoc LSD test (Least Significant Difference). Results: There was a significant difference between the control (8.83±2.03) and gain-frame (11.8±2.17, p<0.001) and loss-frame (12.09±1.94, p<0.001) groups for post-test knowledge scores. A difference was also observed between the control group (56.27±11.53) and gain-frame (60.8±7.77, p<0.001) and loss-frame (60.25±8.96, p<0.001) groups for post-test practice scores. No difference was found between the gain-frame and loss-frame groups for the post-test scores (p=0.69). Conclusion: Gain-frame and loss-frame SMS had similar impacts on the mothers’ knowledge and practices about their children’s oral health. However, both improved the mothers’ knowledge and practice. Therefore, regardless of the style of text message framing, this method may be useful for educating mothers. Keywords: Telemedicine, Text messaging, Knowledge, Oral health, Child, Mothers

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial: Child oral health; is there anything more to know? 108-109 Download
Caregiver oral health literacy: relationship with socioeconomic factors, oral health behaviors and perceived child dental status 110-114 £10 single article
Associations between caries levels and BMI measures among five-year-old children. Analysis and cross-sectional multi-variable analysis at an individual child level 115-120 £10 single article
Dental Public Health in Action:Challenges and learning in carrying out an enhanced sample to provide small area data for the dental survey of five-year-old children in England 121-124 Download
Randomized Controlled Trial: The effects of Short Message Service on mothers’ oral health knowledge and practice 125-131 £10 single article
Outcomes of a co-designed, community-led oral health promotion program for Aboriginal children in rural and remote communities in New South Wales, Australia 132-137 £10 single article
Greater child dental health inequality in England compared to Wales and Northern Ireland, despite lower average disease levels 138-142 Download
Everyone else is using it, so why isn’t the UK? Silver diamine fluoride for children and young people 143-149 £10 single article
Community-based oral health interventions for people experiencing homelessness: a scoping review 150-160 £10 single article
Deprivation and child dental attendance in England: exploring the shape and moderators 161-166 £10 single article
Letter to the Editor 167-168 £10 single article
Meeting report: The 4th Iranian Congress of Community Oral Health 169-169 £10 single article
IADR Symposium report Special Supplement in the March 2020 Issue of Community Dental Health 170-170 £10 single article


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