September 2020

Volume 37, Issue 3

Determinants of oral-health related quality of life and overall quality of life among early adolescents with type-1 diabetes

Authors: Dr. Ahmad Abdel Hamid Elheeny
doi: 10.1922/CDH_00046Elheeny06


Objective: To identify determinants of oral health-quality of life (OHRQoL) and its association with overall quality of life (QoL). Basic research design: Cross-sectional analytic study. Predictors variables were selected based on Wilson and Cleary’s model for patient outcomes including individual factors and socioeconomic status (SES) to represent environmental and clinical/biological factors. Participants: 444 children aged 11 to 14 years. Main outcome measures: OHRQoL and overall QoL. Data were analysed using univariate correlation coefficients and structural equation modelling. The initial path was analysed for the goodness-of-fit. The level of significance adjusted at 5% and 95% confidence intervals. Results: In the final model, sense of coherence (SOC) and dental coping behaviour displayed direct and indirect effects on OHRQoL and QoL. Gingival condition and metabolic disease control displayed bidirectional effects on overall QoL. SES was directly and indirectly associated with OHRQoL. The fit of final model indicators was CFI = 0.99, GFI = 0.99. AGFI = 0.68, TLI = 0.97, RMSEA =0.03, χ2 = 13.25, and χ2/d.f. ratio = 1.43 (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Enhancing the SOC and SE of early adolescents with T1DM may improve their oral-health related quality of life and overall quality of life. Keywords: Quality of Life; Diabetes Mellitus Type-1; Sense of Coherence; Adolescents


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial: The Spanish Society of Epidemiology and Oral Public Health 172-173 Download
Is toothwear associated with oral health related quality of life in adults in the UK? 174-179 Download
Improving Iraqi school dental services: A GIS-based study of service location optimisation 180-184 Download
The relationship between sucrose intake in coffee or tea, and root or coronal caries in an elderly Japanese population 185-189 Download
Supply of care by dental therapists and emergency dental consultations in Alaska native communities in the YukonKuskokwim delta: a mixed methods evaluation 190-198 Download
Determinants of oral-health related quality of life and overall quality of life among early adolescents with type-1 diabetes 199-204 Download
Economic evaluation of school-based caries preventive programs: A systematic review 205-215 Download
Marginalization and fluorosis its relationship with dental caries in rural children in Mexico: A cross-sectional study 216-222 Download
Maternal Oral Health and Early Childhood Caries amongst Low-Income Families 223-228 Download
Dentists’ perceptions of their professional roles regarding referrals within primary dental care in England: a qualitative study 229-234 Download


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