December 2021

Volume 38, Issue 4

Periodontal Status as Mediator of the Association between Socioeconomic Status and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Pregnant Women

Authors: Carine Sonego Marta L. Musskopf Rui V. Oppermann Patricia Weidlich Roger Keller Celeste
doi: 10.1922/CDH_00191Sonego05

Abstract

Objective: To test periodontal status as a mediator between socioeconomic status (SES) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in pregnant women. Basic research design: Secondary cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomised clinical trial with 303 pregnant women. Main outcome measures: Demographic variables, SES, smoking, interproximal hygiene, and self-reported gingival bleeding were collected as independent variables. The Oral Health Impact Profile-14 was used to assess OHRQoL. The relationship between SES, periodontal status and OHRQoL was investigated in structural equation modelling. Results: There was a moderate association of SES with periodontal status (standardised coefficient SC = -0.26, p<0.01) and number of teeth (SC = 0.24, p<0.01). Periodontal status and the number of teeth were also associated with OHRQoL (respectively, SC = 0.25, p<0.01 and SC = -0.31, p<0.01), but SES was only indirectly related to OHRQoL (SC = -0.17, p<0.01). Socioeconomic inequalities in quality of life were mainly explained by the remaining number of teeth, contributing to about 47%, and periodontal status, contributing to about 41%. Conclusions: There was no direct effect of SES on OHRQoL in pregnant women. Periodontal status and missing teeth each explained almost half of the total indirect association. Keywords: Quality of life, periodontal diseases, oral health, socioeconomic status

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial: The importance of studying communication processes in the dentist: patient interaction 222-223 Download
Editorial:Delivering Better Oral Health 2021 – What’s new and where next? 224-225 Download
Dental Public Health in Action: Experiences and Responses of Oral Health Care Professionals during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Malta 226-229 Download
Determinants of anterior tooth loss in Chilean adults: data from the Chilean National Health Survey 2016-2017. 230-234 £10 single article
Family Functioning and Dental Behaviours of Pre-school Children 235-240 £10 single article
Social inequality in tooth loss: separate and joint effects of household income and dental visits 241-245 £10 single article
Periodontal Status as Mediator of the Association between Socioeconomic Status and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Pregnant Women 246-250 £10 single article
Parental perception and acceptance of silver diamine fluoride treatment among Syrian refugees 251-255 £10 single article
A utilisation profile of publicly financed oral examinations in the Republic of Ireland 256-260 £10 single article
Twitter communication of the UK public on dental health and care during a COVID lockdown: “My kingdom for a dentist” 261-267 Download
Private practice dentists’ views of oral health injustice 268-274 £10 single article
Effectiveness of school-based behavioural interventions to improve children’s oral health by reducing sugar intake and promoting oral hygiene: A rapid review of randomised controlled trials. 275-283 £10 single article
Obituary: Ruth Freeman 1954 – 2021 284-284 £10 single article

Subscribe

Online (Single user only)
£130
Institution Online (IP address validation)
£220

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.