June 2007

Volume 24, Issue 2

Prevalence and severity of dental caries in 5- and 12-year old children in the Veneto Region (Italy)

Authors: R. Ferro A. Besostri B. Meneghetti E. Stellini


Objectives: To evaluate the occurrence of dental caries among 5- and 12-year-old children in Northeastern Italy and to compare dental status between immigrants and native-born children. Basic research design and participants: A cross-sectional survey of 260 5-year-olds and 862 12-year-olds was carried out between October 2003 and May 2004. Dental caries were diagnosed at the caries into dentine (D3) threshold. Differences in dental health status were compared between immigrant and native-born children for both age groups. Results: Among 5-year-old children, mean dmft was 1.45 (SD=2.69), SiC=4.31, 65.8% had no caries. Immigrant 5-year-olds (6.2%) scored more poorly than their Italian counterparts: mean dmft was 5.12 (vs. 1.21; p<0.001) and only 25.0% were caries free (vs. 68.4%; p<0.001). Among 12-year-olds, mean DMFT was 1.44 (SD=2.00), SiC=3.88, 55.1% had DMFT=0: 5.6% also had poorer dental status: mean DMFT was 3.23 (vs. 1.33; p<0.001), SiC=6.69 (vs. 3.66), and only 17.1% had DMFT=0 (vs. 56.8%). Conclusions: The prevalence of dental caries and care obtained for both age groups are similar to those of other industrialised countries. When our results for 12-year-olds were compared with those of two previous surveys (1984 and 1994), a major decline in the prevalence of dental caries was observed. Being immigrant was a strong determinant in caries occurrence. Key words: children, dental caries, immigrants , Italy, prevalence


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Editorial - Where next in oral cancer prevention and control? 66-69 Download
Interventions for tobacco cessation in the dental setting. A systematic review 70-74 Download
The cost-effectiveness of adding fluorides to milk-products distributed by the National Food Supplement Programme (PNAC) in rural areas of Chile 75-81 Download
Dietary patterns, toothbrushing habits and caries experience of schoolchildren in West Yorkshire, England. 82-87 Download
Prevalence and severity of dental caries in 5- and 12-year old children in the Veneto Region (Italy) 88-92 Download
General dental practitioner’s views on dental general anaesthesia services. 93-96 Download
Reliability methodology in caries epidemiological studies conducted in the Nordic countries between 1990 and 2001 97-104 Download
The reproducibility of the Denplan Oral Health Score (OHS®) in general dental practitioners 105-110 Download
The oral health status of postpartum mothers in South-East Hungary 111-116 Download
Challenges associated with the evaluation of a dental health promotion programme in a deprived urban area 117-121 Download
Dental caries and associated factors among young male adults between 1999 and 2003 in Southern Brazil 122-127 Download


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