June 2007

Volume 24, Issue 2

Dental caries and associated factors among young male adults between 1999 and 2003 in Southern Brazil

Authors: J.L.D. Bastos L.H. Nomura M.A. Peres


Objective: To assess the prevalence, severity and distribution of dental caries and associated factors among young male adults from Florianopolis (Southern Brazil) and to compare these results with those from a previous study. Method: A cross-sectional study (n=414) was conducted among Brazilian Army subjects in 2003. Dental caries experience was recorded using the DMF-T Index (WHO, 1997). Non-clinical data were obtained through a questionnaire. The analyses included DMF-T descriptive statistics, calculation of the Gini coefficient to assess inequality in the distribution of caries and non-conditional multiple logistic regression, following a hierarchical approach. Results: The response rate was 95.6%. High values of intra- and inter-examiner agreement were achieved (Kappa > 0.83). Reductions of 18.6% in prevalence and 26.7% in caries severity were accompanied by an increase of 18.6% in dental caries inequality. Individuals with eight or less years of study (OR 8.1 : CI95% 1.9-34.7), raised by mothers with eight or less years of study (OR 2.9 : CI95% 1.7-5.0) were more likely to have dental caries. Subjects whose families earned less than six Brazilian minimum wages per month were also more likely to have dental caries (OR 2.3 : CI95% 1.4-3.8). Conclusions: Decreases in caries prevalence and severity were followed by an increased inequality in caries distribution. Low level of schooling, low maternal schooling and low monthly family income were statistically associated with dental caries. Key words: Brazil, dental caries, inequality, socioeconomic conditions, young adults.


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - Where next in oral cancer prevention and control? 66-69 Download
Interventions for tobacco cessation in the dental setting. A systematic review 70-74 Download
The cost-effectiveness of adding fluorides to milk-products distributed by the National Food Supplement Programme (PNAC) in rural areas of Chile 75-81 Download
Dietary patterns, toothbrushing habits and caries experience of schoolchildren in West Yorkshire, England. 82-87 Download
Prevalence and severity of dental caries in 5- and 12-year old children in the Veneto Region (Italy) 88-92 Download
General dental practitioner’s views on dental general anaesthesia services. 93-96 Download
Reliability methodology in caries epidemiological studies conducted in the Nordic countries between 1990 and 2001 97-104 Download
The reproducibility of the Denplan Oral Health Score (OHS®) in general dental practitioners 105-110 Download
The oral health status of postpartum mothers in South-East Hungary 111-116 Download
Challenges associated with the evaluation of a dental health promotion programme in a deprived urban area 117-121 Download
Dental caries and associated factors among young male adults between 1999 and 2003 in Southern Brazil 122-127 Download


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