December 2007

Volume 24, Issue 4

Determinants of ECC in Sardinian preschool children

Authors: P. Castiglia C. Maida A. Sanna G. Solinas G. Campus


Objective The aim of the study was to assess the influence of determinants on the presence of caries in pre-school children. Basic research design A matched case-control study (1:2) was designed: 55 children (32 males, 23 females) with at least one buccal or lingual caries lesion on one primary maxillary incisor were selected (caries affected=1) and compared to randomly selected controls (no caries=0) paired for age and gender. Several variables concerning oral hygiene habits, use of fluoride supplementation, dietary habits, socio-economic status of the family and lifestyle factors were considered as risk predictors for early childhood caries (ECC). A conditional logistic regression model was used to perform matched case-control analysis. Results Bottle feeding at night (OR=1.90; 95%CI=1.03-3.50) and socio-economic level (OR=1.69; 95%CI=1.01-2.81) were positively associated with case status. Conclusions We conclude that ECC seemed to be associated with bottle feeding at night and a low socio-economic level. Key words: Case-control study, childhood caries, socio-economical levels, epidemiology.


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - The STROBE initiative and its implications for dental public health research 194-197 Download
Evaluation of the Parental Perceptions Questionnaire, a component of the COHQoL, for use in the UK. 198-204 Download
Dental care use: does dental insurance truly make a difference in the US? 205-212 Download
Private dental health expenditure in Greece by region and income: comparison between the years 1987 and 1998. 213-216 Download
The prevalence and severity of dental pain in 14-15 year old Brazilian schoolchildren 217-224 Download
Dental caries prevalence among adults in Denmark – the impact of socio-demographic factors and use of oral health services 225-232 Download
The effect of advance telephone prompting in a survey of general dental practitioners in Scotland: A randomised controlled trial 233-237 Download
Dental caries trends among indigenous and non-indigenous Australian children 238-246 Download
Assessment of the reliability and validity of the Dental Neglect Scale in Norwegian adults 247-252 Download
Determinants of ECC in Sardinian preschool children 253-256 Download
The working practices and career satisfaction of dental therapists in New Zealand 257-263 Download
Short Communication - Caries prevalence and location and dental treatment needs in preschoolers in Athens – GENESIS Project 264-267 Download
BASCD Presidential Address - BASCD SPRING SCIENTIFIC MEETING 268-270 Download


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