June 2009

Volume 26, Issue 2

Caries prevalence in Suriname schoolchildren

Authors: M.C.M. van Gemert-Schriks W.E. van Amerongen J.M. ten Cate
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2251Schriks05


Objectives: The aim of this study was to establish the oral health status of children living throughout the Interior of Suriname in order to define needs for dental care in line with WHO goals and guidelines. Basic research design: In this cross sectional study, dental caries was recorded according to the criteria of the WHO. Decayed, missing and filled (DMF)-teeth (T) and surfaces (S) indices for caries prevalence were used. A total of 951 children from four different regions and between 5-15 years of age, were examined. There was an approximately equal distribution of boys and girls. The children were divided into three age categories. Results: The mean dmfs in the youngest children (5-7.5 yrs) was 11.81 (SD 11.19) and the mean dmft 5.16 (SD 3.93). 17.2% of the children was caries free. Statisticaly significant regional, racial and gender differences were found The mean dmfs of children in the middle age category (7.5-10yrs) was 5.37 (SD 6.42) and the mean DMFS was 0.84 (SD 1.30). A mean DMFS of 2.31 (SD 4.97) was recorded in the oldest children. No regional, racial or gender differences were found in the last two categories. Conclusions: The results indicate that caries prevalence in young children in the Interior of Suriname is high according to the criteria of the WHO. In contrast, children in older age groups were found to experience low to moderate caries levels. This finding has consequences for the organisation and planning of future oral health care which should be focussed on young children. Key Words: Caries prevalence, children, developing countries


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial 66-68 Download
Racial and ethnic differences in a regular source of dental care and the oral health, behaviors, beliefs and services of lowincome mothers 69-76 Download
Association of urgent dental care with subjective oral health indicators and psychosocial impact 77-83 Download
The use of conversation mapping to frame key perceptual issues facing the general dental practice system in England. 84-91 Download
Deprivation and access to dental care in a socially diverse metropolitan area 92-98 Download
Seroepidemiology of hepatitis C antibodies among dentists and their self-reported use of infection control measures 99-103 Download
Relationships between patient characteristics and reasons for tooth extraction in Japan 104-109 Download
Differences in oral health behaviour between children from high and children from low SES schools in the Netherlands. 110-115 Download
Caries prevalence in Suriname schoolchildren 116-120 Download
Early childhood caries and related risk factors in Mongolian children 121-128 Download


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