June 2009

Volume 26, Issue 2

Differences in oral health behaviour between children from high and children from low SES schools in the Netherlands.

Authors: K. Jerkovic J.M. Binnekade J.J. van der Kruk J.A van der Most A.C Talsma C.P. van der Schans
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2249Jerkovic06

Abstract

Objective To identify the determinants of dental caries in relation to socio-economic status (SES) within oral health, children’s eating habits and parental attitudes towards oral health. Basic research design Dental screening data were collected from 6- and 10- year old schoolchildren from low and high SES schools in the Netherlands in this cross-sectional study. Methods The clinical examination was performed by trained dental hygiene students who collected the data on dental caries, dental plaque and duration of brushing. The paper questionnaire completed by the parents included 18 questions about oral health behaviour, eating habits and parental attitudes towards oral health. Results Two of the six parameters of oral health behaviour were statistically associated with the high caries prevalence in the low SES group (brushing frequency (p = 0.028) and age at the first visit to the dentist (p = 0.044)). High intake of fruit juices and/or soft drinks (p = 0.043) and low calcium intake (p = 0.028) were identified as risk determinants for caries with low SES. All parameters of parental attitudes towards oral health were associated with caries, but not with SES. Conclusions This study confirmed that the high caries prevalence in children from low SES schools was associated with oral health behaviour and eating habits. The role of parents was indirectly associated with the occurrence of dental caries. Therefore, it is important to include parents in all intervention programmes in order to reduce the prevalence of caries. Keywords: Behaviour, children, dental caries, oral health, socio-economic status.

Download

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial 66-68 Download
Racial and ethnic differences in a regular source of dental care and the oral health, behaviors, beliefs and services of lowincome mothers 69-76 Download
Association of urgent dental care with subjective oral health indicators and psychosocial impact 77-83 Download
The use of conversation mapping to frame key perceptual issues facing the general dental practice system in England. 84-91 Download
Deprivation and access to dental care in a socially diverse metropolitan area 92-98 Download
Seroepidemiology of hepatitis C antibodies among dentists and their self-reported use of infection control measures 99-103 Download
Relationships between patient characteristics and reasons for tooth extraction in Japan 104-109 Download
Differences in oral health behaviour between children from high and children from low SES schools in the Netherlands. 110-115 Download
Caries prevalence in Suriname schoolchildren 116-120 Download
Early childhood caries and related risk factors in Mongolian children 121-128 Download

Subscribe

Online (Single user only)
£130
Institution Online (IP address validation)
£220

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.