December 2010

Volume 27, Issue 4

Oral health status of Chinese teenagers with cerebral palsy

Authors: C.H. Chu E.C.M. Lo
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2484Chu


Objectives To examine caries experience, periodontal status, and oral hygiene practices of Chinese teenagers with cerebral palsy in Hong Kong. Participants Chinese students aged 12 years or older studying in the three special schools of the Spastics Association of Hong Kong were invited to participate. Clinical setting measures Caries experience and periodontal status were assessed by a clinical oral examination using World Health Organization criteria. Information on oral hygiene and snacking habits were obtained by a questionnaire. Information on medical history and mental status was obtained from school records. Results Of 65 students with a mean (±SD) age of 15.0±2.0 years, the majority (74%) had spastic cerebral palsy. About half of the participants (49%) had mild mental retardation and 31% had moderate mental retardation. Caries experience as the mean DMFT score (±SD) was 1.2±1.9 and 43% of caries remained untreated; however, 62% of participants had no caries experience. None of the participants had healthy gums, 57% had calculus, and 66% snacked between meals. They all practised daily tooth brushing, with or without caregiver assistance. About one third (33%) also used mouthrinse. There were no significant differences in caries experience between the participants who brushed their teeth with and those who brushed without caregiver assistance. Conclusions The mean DMFT score of this sample of Chinese teenagers with cerebral palsy was 1.2. Despite daily tooth brushing, the periodontal status of all participants was poor. Providing oral hygiene instructions and scaling are essential to improve their oral health. Key words: Caries, cerebral palsy, Chinese, periodontal, teenagers.


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - Improvement of global oral health - the leadership role of the World Health Organization 194-199 Download
Trends in childrens’ ability to consent to a dental examination and the potential impact on reported caries indices 200-205 Download
Tooth surface loss, prevalence and associated risk factors among 12-14 years school children in Khartoum State, Sudan 206-212 Download
Dental caries experience of Kuwaiti kindergarten schoolchildren 213-217 Download
Trends in dental caries experience among children and adoles-cents in northern Poland between 1995 and 2003. 218-221 Download
Oral health status of Chinese teenagers with cerebral palsy 222-226 Download
Heavy consumption of dental services among Finnish adults 227-232 Download
Five-year follow-up of oral health and seizure condition of patients with epilepsy: a prospective observational stud 233-237 Download
Distribution of certain types of occlusal anomalies among Saudi Arabian adolescents in Jeddah city 238-241 Download
Oral health-related quality of life of elderly Germans - comparison of GOHAI and OHIP-14 242-247 Download
Salivary Streptococcus mutans level: value in caries prediction for 11-12-year-old children 248-252 Download
Short Communication - The quality of reporting of randomised controlled trials in dental public health 253-256 Download
December 2010 Supplement 2: Global oral health of older people – Call for public health action 257-268 Download


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