December 2010

Volume 27, Issue 4

Oral health-related quality of life of elderly Germans - comparison of GOHAI and OHIP-14

Authors: I. Nitschke P. Rammelsberg L. Keller C. Rolko B. Steuker A. J. Hassel
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2464Hassel06


Objective: To obtain information about the subjective oral health status of non-clinical elderly populations of urban regions of Germany, one in the East and one in the West, by using OHIP-14 and, for first time, the GOHAI, and, furthermore, to compare the results obtained by use of both instruments. Basic research design: cross-sectional. Clinical setting: randomly chosen, non-clinical elderly population in urban regions of Germany. Participants: 197 participants (51% male) born in the years 1930–1932. Main outcome measures: GOHAI, OHIP-14. Results: Median GOHAI score was 54; median OHIP-14 score was 2. Scores indicative of severely impaired oral health were rare. The effect of living in eastern or western Germany was of minor significance. Although the internal consistency of both measures was comparable and the same positive association with psychological wellbeing, absence of dry mouth, burning mouth, and removable dentures (p<0.05) was observed, differences occurred. In simultaneous analysis of all items, factor analysis revealed only partial overlap of the items in extracted factors. Furthermore, the extreme score indicating no impairment was five times more frequent for OHIP-14. Of those who scored zero in OHIP-14, only 20% had the GOHAI equivalent score of 60, and for some GOHAI items the answer category for highest impairment was obtained. Conclusions: GOHAI scores for this randomly chosen non-clinical group enable comparison with scores for Germany measured in the future. The differences between GOHAI and OHIP-14 make it necessary to select the most appropriate instrument for a planned purpose and study population. Keywords. Elderly, GOHAI, OHIP, OHRQoL


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Editorial - Improvement of global oral health - the leadership role of the World Health Organization 194-199 Download
Trends in childrens’ ability to consent to a dental examination and the potential impact on reported caries indices 200-205 Download
Tooth surface loss, prevalence and associated risk factors among 12-14 years school children in Khartoum State, Sudan 206-212 Download
Dental caries experience of Kuwaiti kindergarten schoolchildren 213-217 Download
Trends in dental caries experience among children and adoles-cents in northern Poland between 1995 and 2003. 218-221 Download
Oral health status of Chinese teenagers with cerebral palsy 222-226 Download
Heavy consumption of dental services among Finnish adults 227-232 Download
Five-year follow-up of oral health and seizure condition of patients with epilepsy: a prospective observational stud 233-237 Download
Distribution of certain types of occlusal anomalies among Saudi Arabian adolescents in Jeddah city 238-241 Download
Oral health-related quality of life of elderly Germans - comparison of GOHAI and OHIP-14 242-247 Download
Salivary Streptococcus mutans level: value in caries prediction for 11-12-year-old children 248-252 Download
Short Communication - The quality of reporting of randomised controlled trials in dental public health 253-256 Download
December 2010 Supplement 2: Global oral health of older people – Call for public health action 257-268 Download


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