June 2012

Volume 29, Issue 2

Compliance with school F-milk and non-F milk intake in 3 to 4 and 6 to 7 year old children

Authors: R. Walls V. Zohoori L. Teasdale D. Landes I.N. Steen P.J. Moynihan J. Lloyd N. Omid A. Maguire
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2827Maguire05


Background: Fluoridated (F) milk schemes are employed in six countries to reduce dental caries in children. To maximise their benefits considerable uptake is required. Measuring compliance and understanding contributing factors is important in evaluating the effectiveness of schemes since it can be unclear whether reported sub-optimal fluoride (F) intakes, measured through urinary F excretion, are due to sub-optimal F contents of milks or lack of compliance with consumption. Objectives: To determine compliance with milk consumption for children receiving non-F or F milk (containing 0.5 or 0.9mgF per 189ml carton) and rationalise the use of compliance data for clinical observational or intervention studies involving F milk schemes. Research design: Partially randomised, partial cross-over study. Participants: 50 children aged 3-4 and 6-7y consuming non-F (n=50) and F milk (0.5mgF; n=15 children; 0.9mg F; n=16 children) at school. Results: Mean compliance for both non-F and F milk was >90% in each of the groups studied and showed no statistically significant difference for children using both milks. The 95% central range of proportions of milk consumed for groups of individuals was wider for 0.9mgF milk (25% to 100%) than for 0.5mgF milk (81% to 100%) although the greatest range of variation in compliance for within individual observations was seen for non-F milk consumption and in older children. Conclusion: Assessment of compliance with consumption should be included when dental efficacy of F milk consumption is being investigated or evaluated to quantify F exposure from milk. This is important, particularly if a change in the F dose of F milk might be under consideration. Key words: fluoridation, milk, child, preschool, schools

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - The Health and Social Care Act (2012) in England 130-130 £10 single article
Dental Public Health in Action - The Platform for Better Oral Health in Europe Report of a New Initiative 131-133 £10 single article
Oral health in a life-course: Birth-cohorts from 1929 to 2006 in Norway 134-143 £10 single article
Income-related inequalities in chewing ability of Europeans aged 50 and above 144-148 £10 single article
Effect of national recommendations on the sale of sweet products in the upper level of Finnish comprehensive schools 149-153 £10 single article
A review of strategies to stimulate dental professionals to integrate smoking cessation interventions into primary care 154-161 £10 single article
When Can Oral Health Education Begin? Relative effectiveness of three oral health education strategies starting pre-partum 162-167 £10 single article
Anterior Tooth Crowding and Prevalence of Dental Caries in Children in Szczecin, Poland 168-172 £10 single article
Clinical evaluation of three caries removal approaches in primary teeth: A randomised controlled trial 173-178 £10 single article
Relationship between gingivitis severity, caries experience and orthodontic anomalies in 13-15 year-old adolescents in Brno, Czech Republic 179-183 £10 single article
Prevalence of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and associated factors in Koranic boarding schools in Senegal 184-187 £10 single article
Compliance with school F-milk and non-F milk intake in 3 to 4 and 6 to 7 year old children 188-192 £10 single article


Online (Single user only)
Print & Online (Single user only)
Institution Online (IP address validation)

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.