June 2012

Volume 29, Issue 2

Relationship between gingivitis severity, caries experience and orthodontic anomalies in 13-15 year-old adolescents in Brno, Czech Republic

Authors: M. Kukletova L. Izakovicova Holla K. Musilova Z. Broukal L. Kukla
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2696-Holla05


Objectives: The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to assess oral health in adolescents selected from the ELSPAC (European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood) Brno group and complete thus the ELSPAC series of studies on child general health. Material and Methods: Randomly selected children from the ELSPAC group (n=780) were examined clinically for dental and periodontal status, dental plaque, dental calculus and orthodontic anomalies. The following clinical parameters were assessed: DMFT score and its components, gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI) and calculus index (CSI). GI, PI and CSI were recorded on selected teeth. The presence/absence of orthodontic anomalies and their severity were recorded. ANOVA test for quantitative and c2 test for qualitative parameters evaluation were used. Results: Mean DMFT of the group was 2.82 (SE 0.36), share of caries-free children 25.4%. Mean GI index of the cohort was 0.204 (SE 0.011), grade 0 was found in 36.9% children, grade 1 in 43.0%, and grade 2 in 19.5%. Statistical significant associations (p<0.05) were observed in GI and DMFT, GI and DT value, GI and severity of orthodontic anomaly; significant difference was found in GI of caries-free and treated children vs treatment need and in PI value between children with gingivitis vs healthy ones. Conclusion: The results demonstrated a relatively high caries experience, low level of gingival inflammation and relation between GI and DMFT, particularly in D component, and between GI and orthodontic anomalies. Key words: oral health data, DMFT, GI, PI, CSI, gingivitis, caries prevalence, ELSPAC


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - The Health and Social Care Act (2012) in England 130-130 Download
Dental Public Health in Action - The Platform for Better Oral Health in Europe Report of a New Initiative 131-133 Download
Oral health in a life-course: Birth-cohorts from 1929 to 2006 in Norway 134-143 Download
Income-related inequalities in chewing ability of Europeans aged 50 and above 144-148 Download
Effect of national recommendations on the sale of sweet products in the upper level of Finnish comprehensive schools 149-153 Download
A review of strategies to stimulate dental professionals to integrate smoking cessation interventions into primary care 154-161 Download
When Can Oral Health Education Begin? Relative effectiveness of three oral health education strategies starting pre-partum 162-167 Download
Anterior Tooth Crowding and Prevalence of Dental Caries in Children in Szczecin, Poland 168-172 Download
Clinical evaluation of three caries removal approaches in primary teeth: A randomised controlled trial 173-178 Download
Relationship between gingivitis severity, caries experience and orthodontic anomalies in 13-15 year-old adolescents in Brno, Czech Republic 179-183 Download
Prevalence of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and associated factors in Koranic boarding schools in Senegal 184-187 Download
Compliance with school F-milk and non-F milk intake in 3 to 4 and 6 to 7 year old children 188-192 Download


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