March 2013

Volume 30, Issue 1

Measuring determinants of oral health behaviour in parents of preschool children

Authors: S. Van den Branden S. Van den Broucke R. Leroy D. Declerck K. Hoppenbrouwers
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2897Branden07


Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a valid and reliable measure for oral health behaviour and its determinants in five-yearold Flemish children, based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) and to test its predictive validity. Methods: 1157 parents of fiveyear-olds completed a questionnaire measuring three behaviours related to oral health among children (dietary habits, oral hygiene, dental attendance) and their determinants (attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control, intention). The sample was randomly split in two halves and principal component analyses were performed on one half sample to identify the factor structure. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed on the remaining half sample to obtain a cross-validation. Predictive validity was tested using multiple regression analyses. Results: For each behaviour four component structures reflecting the TPB-dimensions, accounting for 44% to 55% of the variance were retrieved and confirmed in the cross-validation. Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) of the scales ranged from 0.52 to 0.80. A sizeable percentage of variance of intentions and behaviours was explained by the model. Conclusions: The TPB components were significant predictors of intentions and behaviours. These findings argue for the reliability and validity of the questionnaire for exploring determinants underlying parental oral health behaviour. Key words: parental, oral hygiene; preschool children; questionnaires; theory of planned behaviour


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - The British Association for the Study of Community Dentistry at forty: our professional project 2-4 Download
Acknowledgement of Referees 5-5 Download
Dental Public Health in Action - Challenges encountered when conducting a dental health needs assessment of older people resident in care homes: experience from England 6-9 Download
Rare diseases with oral components: care course and quality of life 10-14 Download
Fluoridation and dental caries severity in young children treated under general anaesthesia: an analysis of treatment records in a 10-year case series 15-18 Download
Measuring determinants of oral health behaviour in parents of preschool children 19-25 Download
The self-reported oral health status and dental attendance of smokers and non-smokers 26-29 Download
Attitudes towards the use of fluorides for oral health among Islamic clerics in Kelantan Province, Malaysia 30-33 Download
The views of examiners on the use of intra-oral photographs to detect dental caries in epidemiological studies 34-38 Download
Caries experience and treatment need in adults with intellectual disabilities in two German regions 39-44 Download
Attitudes towards establishing a daily supervised school-based toothbrushing programme - determined by Q-sort methodology 45-51 Download
Oral health literacy comparisons between Indigenous Australians and American Indians 52-57 Download
Associations between oral health and height in an Indigenous Australian birth cohort 58-64 Download


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