September 2013

Volume 30, Issue 3

Child oral health-related quality of life (COHQoL), enamel defects of the first permanent molars and caries experience among children in Western Australia

Authors: P. Arrow
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3117Arrow06

Abstract

Published reports suggest that children with enamel defects, especially where enamel is missing or breaking down, experience considerable discomfort and are generally more fearful of dental treatment. However, children’s oral health-related quality of life in relation to enamel defects has not been reported. The aim of this study was to examine the association between oral health-related quality of life among children (COHQoL) with enamel defects of the first permanent molars and deciduous caries experience. Methods: Children attending pre-primary schools in metropolitan Perth, Western Australia, were recruited and classified for enamel defects using the modified Developmental Defects of Enamel index. Caries experience of deciduous molars and canines was also recorded. Parents completed a child oral health-related quality of life questionnaire. Data were analysed using Kruskal-Wallis, Spearman’s rank correlation, chi-square, multiple linear regression and ordered logistic regression to test the factors for their influence on the COHQoL. Results: From the 550 children assessed (mean age 7.2 years) 522 COHQoL questionnaires were returned. Mean COHQoL score was 8.9 (sd 8.8). Bivariate tests showed no association of COHQoL with enamel defect status of the first permanent molars. COHQoL was associated with dmft (mean dmft 1.96, sd 2.62). Higher caries experience children had poorer reported oral health-related quality of life. Conclusion: The presence of enamel defects in the first permanent molars did not affect the children’s oral health-related quality of life. Key words: enamel hypoplasia; quality of life; dental caries, child, enamel defect

£10 single article

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Editorial - The Challenges of Scientific Publishing 130-131 £10 single article
The origins of BASCD and the Specialty of Dental Public Health: Some personal memories 132-133 £10 single article
Dental Public Health in Action - Oral health education and disease prevention in primary dental care: Insight from a pilot intervention targeting children aged 0-7 years in northeast England 134-137 £10 single article
Caries prevalence in 12-year-old children from Germany: Results of the 2009 national survey 138-142 £10 single article
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Using GIS to analyse dental practice distribution in Indiana, USA 155-160 £10 single article
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Preschool teachers as agents of oral health promotion: an intervention study in Sri Lanka 173-177 £10 single article
Oral health literacy and information sources among adults in Tehran, Iran 178-182 £10 single article
Child oral health-related quality of life (COHQoL), enamel defects of the first permanent molars and caries experience among children in Western Australia 183-188 £10 single article
Oral health-related quality of life in non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate patients: a systematic review 189-195 £10 single article

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