September 2013

Volume 30, Issue 3

Caries prevalence in 12-year-old children from Germany: Results of the 2009 national survey

Authors: K. Pieper J. Lange A. Jablonski-Momeni A.G. Schulte
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3138Pieper05


Objective: In 2009, complementary epidemiological studies were conducted in 16 German states. Design: A 2009 cross-sectional oral health survey of children aged 12 years with 5% samples selected using a two-stage random sampling procedure. Subjects: A random selection of 30,943 12-year-olds were examined in schools. Method: DMFT and fissure sealants were recorded following WHO criteria. Caries was diagnosed at the caries into dentine threshold (D3) using the visual method without radiography or fibre-optic transillumination. Statistical evaluation was performed using the software SPSS (v12.0). Results: The proportion of children across Germany with caries experience was 31%. The mean DMFT score was 0.72 and the average Significant Caries Index (SiC) was 2.29. The results showed a wide variation among the different federal states, with mean regional DMFT values ranging from 0.56 to 1.06. Compared to the results obtained in 2004, caries prevalence and caries experience decreased distinctly in this age group. The mean DMFT score for 12-year-olds dropped from 2.44 to 0.72 between 1994 and 2009. The mean DMFT scores were 72.7% lower at the end of the observation period than a few years after the introduction of extensive caries prevention measures in Germany. The mean number of fissure sealed teeth ranged between 2.24 and 3.04. Conclusion: The decrease in caries prevalence observed between 1994 and 2004 continued between 2004 and 2009, although once again inequalities in oral health between federal states were observed. Key words: caries prevalence, dental caries, oral epidemiology, national surveys, oral health, Significant Caries Index, fissure sealants


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - The Challenges of Scientific Publishing 130-131 Download
The origins of BASCD and the Specialty of Dental Public Health: Some personal memories 132-133 Download
Dental Public Health in Action - Oral health education and disease prevention in primary dental care: Insight from a pilot intervention targeting children aged 0-7 years in northeast England 134-137 Download
Caries prevalence in 12-year-old children from Germany: Results of the 2009 national survey 138-142 Download
Longitudinal register study of attendance frequencies in public and private dental services in Finland 143-148 Download
The geographic distribution of patients seeking emergency dental care at the Royal Dental Hospital of Melbourne, Australia 149-154 Download
Using GIS to analyse dental practice distribution in Indiana, USA 155-160 Download
Oral health care services utilisation in the adult US population: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey 2006 161-167 Download
Dental infections increase the likelihood of hospital admissions among adult patients with sickle cell disease 168-172 Download
Preschool teachers as agents of oral health promotion: an intervention study in Sri Lanka 173-177 Download
Oral health literacy and information sources among adults in Tehran, Iran 178-182 Download
Child oral health-related quality of life (COHQoL), enamel defects of the first permanent molars and caries experience among children in Western Australia 183-188 Download
Oral health-related quality of life in non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate patients: a systematic review 189-195 Download


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