March 2015

Volume 32, Issue 1

Socioeconomic inequalities in oral health among adults in Tehran, Iran

Authors: A. B. Zwi E. Ghasemi A. Ebn Ahmady Z. Ghorbani
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3400Ahmady06

Abstract

Socioeconomic inequalities in oral health among adults in Tehran, Iran Z. Ghorbani, A. Ebn Ahmady, E. Ghasemi and A. B. Zwi Objective: To identify the socioeconomic distribution of perceived oral health among adults in Tehran, Iran. Basic research design: A cross-sectional population study. Participants: A stratified random sample of 1,100 adults aged 18–84 years living in Tehran. Methods: Self-report data were obtained from the 2010 dental telephone interview survey. Oral health was evaluated using self-assessed non-replaced extracted teeth (NRET), and a three-item perceived dental health instrument. Socioeconomic status was measured by combining the variables of education and assets using principal component analysis. Inequalities in oral health were examined using prevalence ratios and concentration index. Results: The poorest quintile was 1.60 (95% confidence interval, CI, 1.30;1.98) times as likely to have any NRET compared with the richest quintile, indicating a disparity. Inequality was most pronounced in the 35–59 age group with prevalence ratio 2.01 (95%CI 1.26;3.05). The concentration index of NRET in adults in Tehran was -0.22 (95%CI -0.28;-0.16). No significant differences were found in perceived dental health between socioeconomic classes. Conclusions: Adults from lower socioeconomic classes experienced more disabilities due to missing their teeth, specifically in the middle-age group. Inequalities in perceived dental health were not apparent in the studied population. Key words: oral health, socioeconomic factors, Iran, NRET

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial 2-3 Download
Tackling a dry mouth: an oral health intervention for Sjögren’s sufferers 5-7 £10 single article
Fractional Urinary Fluoride Excretion (FUFE) of 3-4 year children in the Gaza Strip 8-15 £10 single article
The relationship between tooth loss and psychological factors 16-19 £10 single article
Comparing lifecourse models of social class and adult oral health using the 1958 National Child Development Study 20-25 £10 single article
Socioeconomic inequalities in oral health among adults in Tehran, Iran 26-31 £10 single article
Barriers to providing oral health care to pre-school children– differences between paediatric dentists’ and general dental practitioners’ beliefs 32-38 £10 single article
Health economic analyses of domiciliary dental care and care at fixed clinics for elderly nursing home residents in Sweden 39-43 £10 single article
School-based intervention for improving the oral health of children in southern Thailand 44-50 Download
Tooth brushing among 11- to 15-year-olds in Denmark: combined effect of social class and migration status. 51-55 £10 single article
The incidence and nature of complaints against dentists for the treatment of children in Israel from 1992–2011 56-59 £10 single article
Treatment provided in the Public Dental Service in Finland in 2009 60-64 £10 single article

Subscribe

Print
£130
Online (Single user only)
£130
Print & Online (Single user only)
£150
Institution Online (IP address validation)
£220

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.