September 2015

Volume 32, Issue 3

Exploring the association between oral health literacy and alexithymia

Authors: J. Bergdahl K.S. Pettersen M. Bergdahl L. Stein
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3637Stein05


Community Dental Health (2015) 32, 143–147 Received 30 March 2015; Accepted 28 April 2015 Exploring the association between oral health literacy and alexithymia L. Stein, M. Bergdahl, K.S. Pettersen and J. Bergdahl Low health literacy and alexithymia have separately been emphasized as barriers to patient-practitioner communication, but the association between the two concepts has not been explored. Objective: To test the hypothesis that low oral health literacy and alexithymia are associated. Method: Adults (n=127) aged 21-80 years (56% women) participated in this cross-sectional study. Oral health literacy was assessed using the interview-based Adult Health Literacy Instrument for Dentistry (AHLID) with scores from 1-5. The self-administered Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) was used to assess three distinct TAS-20 factors and TAS-20 total score. Results: Significant negative correlations between AHLID scores and TAS-20 factors 2, 3 and TAS-20 total score were found. Regression analyses showed that TAS-20 factor 3, externally-oriented thinking (β=-0.21, SE=0.02, p=0.017), and TAS-20 total score (β=-0.18, SE=0.01, p=0.036) were significant predictors of AHLID level. Conclusion: The hypothesis that low oral health literacy is associated with alexithymia was supported. This finding proposes that alexithymia may be considered as a possible factor for low oral health literacy. However, the correlations are not strong, and the results should be regarded as a first step to provide evidence with additional research on this topic being needed. Key words: alexithymia, health literacy, oral health literacy, patient-practitioner communication, personality, Norway


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Editoral 130-131 Download
Relationship between family characteristics and children’s regular toothbrushing with fluoride toothpaste 132-136 Download
Effect of family caregiver oral care training on stroke survivor oral and respiratory health in Taiwan: a randomised controlled trial 137-142 Download
Exploring the association between oral health literacy and alexithymia 143-147 Download
Association of oral health literacy with oral health behaviour and oral health status in Belarus 148-152 Download
Association between childhood socioeconomic position and periodontitis in Korean adults 153-157 Download
Clustering of risk indicators for periodontal disease: A populationbased study 158-162 Download
Dental caries in Iraqi 12-year-olds and background fluoride exposure 163-169 Download
Fluoride content and labelling of toothpastes marketed in India 170-173 Download
Attitudes and practices regarding preventive dentistry among Libyan dentists 174-179 Download
Comparing UK, USA and Australian values for EQ-5D as a health utility measure of oral health 180-184 Download
Socioeconomic inequalities in dental caries among 5-year-olds in four Chinese provinces 185-189 Download
Dental survey of the Falkland Islands’ child population 190-192 Download


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