September 2015

Volume 32, Issue 3

Dental caries in Iraqi 12-year-olds and background fluoride exposure

Authors: M.H. Matloob
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3514Matloob07


Community Dental Health (2015) 32, 163–169 Received 24 September 2014; Accepted 3 April 2015 Dental caries in Iraqi 12-year-olds and background fluoride exposure M.H. Matloob Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and severity of dental caries among 12-year-old Iraqi schoolchildren ingesting water and beverages with low fluoride content. Method A total of 1,526 twelve-year-olds were clinically examined in autumn 2013 for dental caries in accordance with the WHO criteria. Two questionnaires were distributed to gather data concerning daily intakes of drinking water, beverages and tea extracts and how often participants brushed their teeth, visiting doctors and eating snacks between meals. The fluoride content of 279 brands of drinking water, beverages, tea, toothpaste and table salts were determined using fluoride ion selective electrode. Results The mean DMFT and SIC index were 1.6 (SD 1.7) and 3.5 (SD 1.4) respectively. The caries prevalence was 64.0%, and the Care Index was 1.9%. The average fluoride content of drinking water, beverages, toothpaste and food was less than 0.50 mg/kg. Conclusion The mean DMFT value for Iraqi 12-year-olds is still higher than the WHO category of very low caries (<1.2). The daily fluoride exposure by 12-year-old Iraqi children was too low for caries prevention. In order to improve the oral health status, the Iraqi health authorities had to focus more care on the preventive oral health programme. Key words: caries, Iraqi DMFT index, significant caries index (SiC), fluoride in water and beverages

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editoral 130-131 Download
Relationship between family characteristics and children’s regular toothbrushing with fluoride toothpaste 132-136 £10 single article
Effect of family caregiver oral care training on stroke survivor oral and respiratory health in Taiwan: a randomised controlled trial 137-142 £10 single article
Exploring the association between oral health literacy and alexithymia 143-147 £10 single article
Association of oral health literacy with oral health behaviour and oral health status in Belarus 148-152 £10 single article
Association between childhood socioeconomic position and periodontitis in Korean adults 153-157 £10 single article
Clustering of risk indicators for periodontal disease: A populationbased study 158-162 £10 single article
Dental caries in Iraqi 12-year-olds and background fluoride exposure 163-169 £10 single article
Fluoride content and labelling of toothpastes marketed in India 170-173 £10 single article
Attitudes and practices regarding preventive dentistry among Libyan dentists 174-179 £10 single article
Comparing UK, USA and Australian values for EQ-5D as a health utility measure of oral health 180-184 £10 single article
Socioeconomic inequalities in dental caries among 5-year-olds in four Chinese provinces 185-189 £10 single article
Dental survey of the Falkland Islands’ child population 190-192 £10 single article


Online (Single user only)
Institution Online (IP address validation)

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.