March 2018

Volume 35, Issue 1

A systematic review of interventions using cue-automaticity to improve the uptake of preventive healthcare in adults: applications to dental visiting

Authors: H. Raison R. Corcoran R. V. Harris
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4174Raison10


Objective: Since behaviour is underpinned by both cognitive and automatic processes, psychological interventions aiming to instigate or modify habitual behaviour (cue-automaticity interventions) offer an alternative to the more commonly used (mainly educational) strategies to increase preventive healthcare use. Theory suggests that low socio-economic (SES) groups are especially likely to benefit. Cue-automaticity describes how repetition of behaviour, initiated by a particular ‘cue’, in a constant context, leads to the automatic instigation and/or execution of behaviour. Our primary objective was to assess the effectiveness of cue-automaticity interventions to improve the uptake of adult preventive healthcare, and to consider how this might be applied to the design of interventions to promote preventive dental visiting. Basic research design: An electronic search, with citation snowballing, of cue-automaticity interventions to influence adult preventive healthcare use was undertaken. Results: Searching identified 11,888 titles and abstracts. Paper screening left 26 papers, of which 6 RCTs met the inclusion criteria. All 6 incorporated an Implementation Intention (I-I) component. Four studies involved cancer screening and 2 involved vaccination programmes. Five studies showed a significantly positive increase in preventive healthcare use, while one did not. Conclusions: Whilst few studies using cue-automaticity to underpin the promotion of preventive care use have been undertaken, studies that do exist have promising results. As cue-automaticity interventions may be of particular benefit to low SES groups, research is needed to investigate whether cue-automaticity interventions can translate into reducing inequalities in attendance for dental check-ups. Key words: Prevention, Oral health, Health promotion, Dental Visiting Habits


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial 3-4 Download
Review and action plan for oral health improvement in Sheffield special schools 5-8 Download
Impact of stress on dentists’ clinical performance. A systematic review 9-15 Download
Illness perceptions amongst individuals with dental caries 16-22 Download
The relationship between depression and periodontal diseases 23-29 Download
The use of cost-utility analysis for the evaluation of caries prevention: an exploratory case study of two community-based public health interventions in a high-risk population in the UK 30-36 Download
A systematic review of interventions using cue-automaticity to improve the uptake of preventive healthcare in adults: applications to dental visiting 37-46 Download
Turkish Adaptation of Dentine Hypersensitivity Experience Questionnaire (DHEQ) 47-51 Download
Recall intervals and time used for examination and prevention by dentists in child dental care in Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden in 1996 and 2014 52-57 Download
Obesity and dental caries in young children in Plymouth, United Kingdom: A Spatial Analysis 58-64 Download


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