March 2019

Volume 36, Issue 1

The relationship between body mass index and oral health status among Saudi adults: a cross-sectional study

Authors: A.A. Hamasha A.A. Alsolaihim H.A. Alturki L.A. Alaskar R.A. Alshunaiber W.T. Aldebasi
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4361Hamasha06


Objective: To assess the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the sum of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT), periodontal pockets, and oral soft tissue variations. Basic Research Design: A systematic sample of 250 people attending King Abdulaziz Medical City was included. The study was conducted using questionnaires and clinical examinations. Questionnaires were prepared to include socio-demographic, smoking, oral hygiene, medical and physical variables. Clinical examination included DMFT, pocket depths and soft tissues changes. BMI was calculated as kg/m2 using height and weight. Analyses included descriptive statistics, ANOVA, Chi-square and logistic regression. Results: Participants mean age was 35.3 years (18-83 years), and about 60% were females. The mean BMI was 28.24. Two thirds (67%) of participants were overweight (BMI=25.0-29.9kg/m2) or obese (BMI>30kg/m2). Mean DMFT correlated with BMI (p=0.005). However, periodontal pocket depths were not associated with increased BMI. In the bivariate analyses, there were associations between BMI and age, education, smoking, tooth brushing, hypertension, diabetes, use of medication and traumatic ulcer. Logistic regression analysis revealed a significant relationship between BMI and DMFT in people educated to less than high school, current smokers, those with any medical problem or with edematous gingiva (P=0.026). Conclusion: Participants higher BMI were more likely to have a higher DMFT score in the presence of low education, presence of edematous gingiva, smoking or a medical condition. Keywords: BMI, Oral, Health, DMFT, Lesion


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial ‘No simple solutions, no single ingredient’: Systems-orientated approaches for addressing Wicked Problems in population oral health 3-4 Download
Dental Public Health in Action: The use of the NICE ten step model to conduct an oral health needs assessment in South Yorkshire and Bassetlaw 5-8 Download
Caries-preventive efficacy of a supervised school toothbrushing programme in Northland, New Zealand 9-16 Download
Socioeconomic Variation in the association between Malocclusion and Oral Health Related Quality of Life 17-21 Download
Low rates of dental attendance by the age of one and inequality between local government administrative areas in England 22-26 Download
The relationship between body mass index and oral health status among Saudi adults: a cross-sectional study 27-32 Download
The acceptability of fluoride varnish and fissure sealant treatments in children aged 6-9 delivered in a school setting 33-38 Download
Interventions to reduce socio-economic inequalities in dental service utilisation – a systematic review 39-45 Download
Embarrassing realities: The portrayal of dentistry in reality tv ‘dentertainment’ 46-54 Download
Systems science and oral health: Implications for Dental Public Health? 55-62 Download
The Boundaries between Caries and Periodontal Diseases. What are the Implications for Education in Dental Public Health? Proceedings of EADPH/SESPO Pre-Congress Workshop held on Wednesday, 17 October 2018 at The Centro Cultural Sa Nostra Congress Cen 63-86 Download


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