December 2020

Volume 37, Issue 4

Caries prevalence in 6- to 10-year-old German schoolchildren with and without disability

Authors: Peter Schmidt Pantelis Petrakakis Andreas G. Schulte
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4654Schmidt06


Background: Both nationally and internationally, there is a lack of data on the caries experience of schoolchildren with disability, especially for children aged 6 to 10 years. Aim: To compare the caries experience of 6- to 10-year-old schoolchildren with disability attending special needs schools (SpS) with children without disability attending primary schools (PS) in two study periods five years apart. Materials and Methods: The caries prevalence and severity in schoolchildren aged 6 to 10 years attending PS or SpS was determined according to WHO standards for the school years 2010/2011 and 2015/2016, and the results were compared. Results: Data for 6805 schoolchildren were available. In both examination periods the caries prevalence in the deciduous teeth of 6- to 10-year-old children attending SpS was significantly higher than in children attending PS. The mean dmft values for children attending SpS were also significantly higher (2.11 in both years) than for those attending PS (1.48 and 1.77, respectively). Conclusions: The dental health of schoolchildren with disability was worse than that of schoolchildren without disability. To improve this situation, caries prevention efforts in day care centers and schools should be intensified for children with disability. Keywords: Caries prevalence, oral health, schoolchildren, disability, epidemiology


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial: The impact of COVID-19 on population oral health 236-238 Download
Editorial: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on dentistry 239-241 Download
The current referral patterns for temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) in Greater Manchester 242-246 £10 single article
Oral Health Inequalities in 0-17-year-old Children Referred for Dental Extractions Under General Anaesthesia in Wolverhampton 247-252 £10 single article
Temporomandibular dysfunction among working Australian adults and association with workplace effort-reward imbalance 253-259 £10 single article
Barriers and facilitators to health visiting teams delivering oral health promotion to families of young children: a mixed methods study with vignettes 260-268 £10 single article
Experience of collaboration at a family centre for preschool children in Sweden 269-274 £10 single article
Dental Public Health Education in Europe: a survey of European Dental Schools to determine current practice and inform a core undergraduate programme 275-280 £10 single article
Caries prevalence in 6- to 10-year-old German schoolchildren with and without disability 281-286 Download
Recruitment and Consent in an observational study 287-292 Download
Enamel development defects and oral symptoms: A hierarchical approach 293-298 £10 single article


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