March 2008

Volume 25, Issue 1

The prevalence of enamel opacities in permanent teeth of 11-12 year-old school children in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Authors: A.M. Bulgiba N. Ismail Y.Y Chew I.A. Razak N. Jaafar N. Yusoff
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2114Yusoff04


Orthodontic Unit, Department Of Preventive Dentistry, College Of Medical Sciences, University Of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria. Objective The purpose of this study was to assess the need for orthodontic treatment among Nigerian children aged 12-14 years old in Benin City, south-southern region of Nigeria. Research Design The sample consisted of 261 randomly selected school children, 122 boys (47%) and 139 girls (53%) with mean age of 12.9 ± 0.1. The survey was conducted by clinical examination and both components of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) were used to determine the need for orthodontic treatment. Results The results revealed that 50 (19.2%) of the children had a definite need for orthodontic treatment according to dental health component while aesthetic component of IOTN indicated definite need in 12 (4.6%). Increased overjet, severe contact displacements and impeded eruption of teeth were the common occlusal features in the definite treatment need group. Conclusion This study provided data on the need for orthodontic treatment among Nigerian school children which is useful to plan and prioritise orthodontic care and services. Key words: Index of Orthodontic treatment need, malocclusion, Nigerian children, orthodontic treatment need.


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial - Oral health promotion by the oral health products industry: unrecognised and unappreciated? 2-3 Download
Report of the EGOHID I Project 4-10 Download
Acknowledgment of referees 11-11 Download
Exposure to water fluoridation and caries increment 12-22 Download
A comparison of two methods for the evaluation of the daily urinary fluoride excretion in Romanian pre-school children 23-27 Download
A randomised control trial of oral health education provided by a health visitor to parents of pre-school children 28-32 Download
The influence of social indices on oral health and oral health behaviour in a group of Flemish socially deprived adolescents. 33-37 Download
Development of a shortened Japanese version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) for young and middle-aged adults 38-43 Download
Parents’ views on factors influencing the dental health of Trinidadian pre-school children. 44-49 Download
Coronal caries experience in dentate Jordanian adults 50-54 Download
The prevalence of enamel opacities in permanent teeth of 11-12 year-old school children in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 55-58 Download
Factors associated with restoration and extraction receipt among New Zealand children 59-64 Download


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