March 2008

Volume 25, Issue 1

A randomised control trial of oral health education provided by a health visitor to parents of pre-school children

Authors: C.M. Bishop H.F. Whitehead J.G. Whittle
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2143Whittle05


Objective To determine trends in the prevalence and severity of dental caries in 2- to 5-year-old children. Basic research design Repeated cross-sectional surveys in 1981, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1991, 1994, 1997 and 2002. Clinical setting Nursery schools in Germiston, South Africa. Participants Dental caries was diagnosed by calibrated examiners using WHO criteria in 7,185 2- to 5-year-old children whose parents had given informed consent. Main outcome measures Caries prevalence (%), caries experience (dmft). Results Both caries prevalence and experience showed statistically significant (p<0.001) fluctuations between study years from 1981 to 2002. A worry is an increase in rates between 1997 and 2002. Conclusion There is a suggestion of a cyclical pattern to the caries rates observed. Key words: caries prevalence, dental caries, dental epidemiology, dmft, surveillance


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - Oral health promotion by the oral health products industry: unrecognised and unappreciated? 2-3 Download
Report of the EGOHID I Project 4-10 Download
Acknowledgment of referees 11-11 Download
Exposure to water fluoridation and caries increment 12-22 Download
A comparison of two methods for the evaluation of the daily urinary fluoride excretion in Romanian pre-school children 23-27 Download
A randomised control trial of oral health education provided by a health visitor to parents of pre-school children 28-32 Download
The influence of social indices on oral health and oral health behaviour in a group of Flemish socially deprived adolescents. 33-37 Download
Development of a shortened Japanese version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) for young and middle-aged adults 38-43 Download
Parents’ views on factors influencing the dental health of Trinidadian pre-school children. 44-49 Download
Coronal caries experience in dentate Jordanian adults 50-54 Download
The prevalence of enamel opacities in permanent teeth of 11-12 year-old school children in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 55-58 Download
Factors associated with restoration and extraction receipt among New Zealand children 59-64 Download


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