March 2008

Volume 25, Issue 1

Parents’ views on factors influencing the dental health of Trinidadian pre-school children.

Authors: L. Davis R.S. Naidu
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2112Naidu06


Objective To evaluate the relationship between breastfeeding duration and the prevalence of non-nutritive sucking habits in children with deciduous dentition. Method A cross-sectional survey was conducted on the mothers of 551 children aged 3 to 6 years, randomly selected from public pre-schools in São Paulo, Brazil. Mothers were asked to complete a questionnaire that included items regarding their children’s age, gender, race, method and duration of infant feeding, as well as pacifier use and/or digit-sucking habits. According to the answers pertinent to the method and duration of infant feeding, children were assigned to five groups: 1 – never breastfed, 2 – breastfed for a period shorter than 3 months of life, 3 – breastfed for 3 to 6 months, 4 – breastfed for 6 to 9 months, and 5 – breastfed for 9 months or longer. Data were submitted to the Fisher’s exact test with Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons to analyse possible associations between breastfeeding duration period categories and non-nutritive sucking behaviours. Results Pacifier use frequency was high in groups 1, 2, 3 and 4 (85%, 87.6%, 78% and 70%, respectively), in comparison with that in group 5 (38.6%). The prevalence of non-nutritive sucking habits was significantly reduced in children who were breastfed for nine months or longer (p=0.000). There were no statistically significant differences in the frequencies of pacifier use and/or digit-sucking habits between genders, regardless of the breastfeeding duration period. Conclusion Children aged 3-6 years who were breastfed for nine months or longer had a lower prevalence of non-nutritive sucking habits. Key words: Breastfeeding, deciduous dentition, sucking habits


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - Oral health promotion by the oral health products industry: unrecognised and unappreciated? 2-3 Download
Report of the EGOHID I Project 4-10 Download
Acknowledgment of referees 11-11 Download
Exposure to water fluoridation and caries increment 12-22 Download
A comparison of two methods for the evaluation of the daily urinary fluoride excretion in Romanian pre-school children 23-27 Download
A randomised control trial of oral health education provided by a health visitor to parents of pre-school children 28-32 Download
The influence of social indices on oral health and oral health behaviour in a group of Flemish socially deprived adolescents. 33-37 Download
Development of a shortened Japanese version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) for young and middle-aged adults 38-43 Download
Parents’ views on factors influencing the dental health of Trinidadian pre-school children. 44-49 Download
Coronal caries experience in dentate Jordanian adults 50-54 Download
The prevalence of enamel opacities in permanent teeth of 11-12 year-old school children in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 55-58 Download
Factors associated with restoration and extraction receipt among New Zealand children 59-64 Download


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