June 2008

Volume 25, Issue 2

Individual and maternal determinants of self–reported dental health among Turkish school children aged 10-12 years.

Authors: H. Murtomaa N. Sandalli N. Kosku A.B. Cinar
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2154Cinar05

Abstract

Objective To assess the influence of maternal and individual characteristics on self-reported dental health of Turkish school children aged 10-12 years with different socio-economic backgrounds. Method A cross-sectional study of children aged 10 to 12 (n=611) using paired matches of self-administered questionnaires for children and their mothers. Clinical examinations based on World Health Organization criteria were conduced. The participation rate was 97% (n=591) for the children, 87% (n=533) for the mothers, and 95% (n=584) for the clinical examinations. Multiple linear regression, descriptive statistics, Spearman correlation coefficient and chi-square test were applied. Results Private school children’s mothers were more likely to have had higher education (95% at least high school) than public school children’s mothers (11%); they reported better dental health (above average) than did mothers of public school children (p=0.001). Among all mothers, those with above average self-reported dental health reported more regular dental visits than did those with below average scores (p=0.001). Frequency of regular dental visits and toothbrushing among children attending public schools (5%, 65%) were lower than those attending private school (43%, 79%), (p=0.001). The mean DMFS was negatively correlated with self-reported dental health (rs =-0.187, p=0.001). Toothbrushing frequency and school performance were the common factors positively associated with self-reported dental health, among all children. Conclusion The results emphasize the important role of mothers and their socio-economic background in enhancement of children’s dental health. Their active role in conjunction with the potential of self-assessment provides a good basis for establishing and improving self-care among children, in developing countries in particular. Key words: Dental health, mothers, oral health behaviour, self-reporting, socio-economic status, children

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - Do we let children’s teeth decay just because some people object to topping up the natural fluoride that’s already in our water? 66-69 £10 single article
Correlates of dental caries in 12-year-old children in Europe: a cross-sectional analysis 70-78 £10 single article
Dental caries rates in primary teeth in 2002, and caries surveillance trends 1981-2002, in a South African city. 79-83 £10 single article
Individual and maternal determinants of self–reported dental health among Turkish school children aged 10-12 years. 84-88 £10 single article
Prediction of periodontal pathology around third molars using linear mixed effects modeling 89-97 £10 single article
Duties and training of dental nurses: How do Irish practices conform to European standards? 98-102 £10 single article
Comparison of ranking dental status using the Significant Caries Index and the Significant Filled and Sound-Teeth Index 103-106 £10 single article
Measuring oral health behaviour in Flemish health care workers: an application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour 107-114 £10 single article
The influence of early counselling on weaning from a bottle 115-118 £10 single article
Prevalence and severity of dental caries in schoolchildren of Porto, Portugal 119-125 £10 single article
Short Communication - Orthodontic treatment need in Nigerian children 126-128 £10 single article

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