June 2008

Volume 25, Issue 2

Short Communication - Orthodontic treatment need in Nigerian children

Authors: E.O. Ajayi
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2165Ajayi03


Orthodontic Unit, Department Of Preventive Dentistry, College Of Medical Sciences, University Of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria. Objective The purpose of this study was to assess the need for orthodontic treatment among Nigerian children aged 12-14 years old in Benin City, south-southern region of Nigeria. Research Design The sample consisted of 261 randomly selected school children, 122 boys (47%) and 139 girls (53%) with mean age of 12.9 ± 0.1. The survey was conducted by clinical examination and both components of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) were used to determine the need for orthodontic treatment. Results The results revealed that 50 (19.2%) of the children had a definite need for orthodontic treatment according to dental health component while aesthetic component of IOTN indicated definite need in 12 (4.6%). Increased overjet, severe contact displacements and impeded eruption of teeth were the common occlusal features in the definite treatment need group. Conclusion This study provided data on the need for orthodontic treatment among Nigerian school children which is useful to plan and prioritise orthodontic care and services. Key words: Index of Orthodontic treatment need, malocclusion, Nigerian children, orthodontic treatment need.


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial - Do we let children’s teeth decay just because some people object to topping up the natural fluoride that’s already in our water? 66-69 Download
Correlates of dental caries in 12-year-old children in Europe: a cross-sectional analysis 70-78 Download
Dental caries rates in primary teeth in 2002, and caries surveillance trends 1981-2002, in a South African city. 79-83 Download
Individual and maternal determinants of self–reported dental health among Turkish school children aged 10-12 years. 84-88 Download
Prediction of periodontal pathology around third molars using linear mixed effects modeling 89-97 Download
Duties and training of dental nurses: How do Irish practices conform to European standards? 98-102 Download
Comparison of ranking dental status using the Significant Caries Index and the Significant Filled and Sound-Teeth Index 103-106 Download
Measuring oral health behaviour in Flemish health care workers: an application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour 107-114 Download
The influence of early counselling on weaning from a bottle 115-118 Download
Prevalence and severity of dental caries in schoolchildren of Porto, Portugal 119-125 Download
Short Communication - Orthodontic treatment need in Nigerian children 126-128 Download


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