June 2008

Volume 25, Issue 2

Prevalence and severity of dental caries in schoolchildren of Porto, Portugal

Authors: H. Barros M. Relvas E. Ramos E. Waldman J. Antunes T. Mello
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2193Mello07

Abstract

Objectives: To measure the prevalence and severity of dental caries in adolescents of the city of Porto, Portugal, and to assess socioeconomic and behavioural covariates of dental caries experience. Methods: A sample of 700 thirteen-year-old schoolchildren was examined. Results from the dental examination were linked to anthropometric information and to data supplied by two structured questionnaires assessing nutritional factors, socio-demographic characteristics and behaviour related to health promotion. Dental caries was measured using the DMFT index, and two dichotomous outcomes, one assessing the prevalence of dental caries (DMFT>0); the other assessing the prevalence of a high level of dental caries (DMFT≥4). Results: Consuming soft drinks derived from cola (irrespective of sugared or diet) two or more times per week, attending a public school, being female and having parents with low educational attainment were identified as risk factors both for having dental caries and for having a high level of dental caries. Conclusion: Caries levels were positively associated with frequency of intake of sweetened foods and drinks. Key words: Dental caries; education; nutrition, risk factors

£10 single article

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Duties and training of dental nurses: How do Irish practices conform to European standards? 98-102 £10 single article
Comparison of ranking dental status using the Significant Caries Index and the Significant Filled and Sound-Teeth Index 103-106 £10 single article
Measuring oral health behaviour in Flemish health care workers: an application of the Theory of Planned Behaviour 107-114 £10 single article
The influence of early counselling on weaning from a bottle 115-118 £10 single article
Prevalence and severity of dental caries in schoolchildren of Porto, Portugal 119-125 £10 single article
Short Communication - Orthodontic treatment need in Nigerian children 126-128 £10 single article

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