March 2012

Volume 29, Issue 1

The oral health status of Special Olympics athletes in Belgium

Authors: L. Marks D. Declerck R. Leroy
doi: 10.1922/CDH_2704Leroy06


Objectives: To describe and evaluate the oral condition and oral treatment needs of the participants of the Special Olympics Special Smiles program organised in Belgium in 2008. Design: A cross-sectional study where the data were collected through interviews and clinical examinations. Participants: 687 Belgian Special Smiles athletes participated, mean age 33 years. Results: More than 70% had at least one missing tooth. Distinct signs of gingivitis and visible caries experience were observed in 44% and 22% of dentate athletes respectively. Dutch-speaking athletes were less likely to present with untreated caries (OR:0.46; 95%CI: 0.31-0.68) or with gingivitis (OR:0.51; 95%CI: 0.37-0.71) compared to their French-speaking colleagues. Signs of past injury were identified in 12% of athletes. Of those athletes with an edentulous mandible, only 53% presented with a removable denture; 73% of athletes missing some maxillary anterior teeth and 30% of those missing all anterior teeth had no prosthetic replacement in the maxilla. Nearly two fifths of athletes were referred for treatment: in 12% of athletes dental treatment was considered urgent. Conclusion: The results suggest that there is a tremendous unmet need for dental treatment in the Belgian Special Smiles population, with French-speaking athletes in greatest need. Improvements in data collection should be encouraged for example. more detailed screening methods (e.g. caries screening including enamel lesions, full periodontal examination) and questionnaires (e.g. inclusion of questions related to dietary habits, dental attendance). In this way barriers to optimal oral health (care) in this population could be further explored, attempts made to reduce them and so reduce health inequalities. Key words: oral health, Special Olympics, special smiles, caries experience, gingivitis, prostheses


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Editorial - Dental Public Health in Action 3-3 Download
Acknowledgement of Referees 4-4 Download
A description of a specialist led primary care based oral surgery service 5-7 Download
The caries experience of 11 to 12 year-old children in Scotland and Wales and 12 year-olds in England in 2008-2009: Reports of co-ordinated surveys using BASCD methodology 8-13 Download
Assessment of caries experience in epidemiological surveys: a review 14-20 Download
Dental caries experience among 12-year-old children in Northwest Russia 20-24 Download
Variations in caries diagnoses and treatment recommendations and their impacts on the costs of oral health care 25-28 Download
Caries prevalence of 5, 12 and 15-year-old Greek children: A national pathfinder survey 29-32 Download
Associated factors of tooth wear among Malaysian 16-year-olds: a case-control study in Kota Bharu, Kelantan 33-38 Download
Factors associated with self-assessed masticatory ability among community-dwelling elderly Japanese 39-44 Download
The use of occlusal indices in high-impact literature 45-48 Download
Oral health status of a group of illicit drug users in Delhi, India 49-54 Download
Promoting Positive Health Behaviours – ‘Tooth Worm’ Phenomenon and its Implications 55-61 Download
Development and testing of a theory-based behavioural change intervention: A pilot investigation in a nursery school in a deprived area of Scotland 62-67 Download
The oral health status of Special Olympics athletes in Belgium 68-73 Download
Coincidence and awareness of oral parafunctions in college students 74-77 Download
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Relationship of Periodontal Disease to Pre-term Low Birth Weight Infants in a Selected Population - A Prospective Study. 100-105 Download
Dental Enamel Defects in Italian Children with Cystic Fibrosis: an observational study 106-109 Download
Orofacial pain symptoms and associated disability and psychosocial impact in community-dwelling and institutionalized elderly in Hong Kong 110-116 Download
Association of hyposalivation with oral function, nutrition and oral health in community-dwelling elderly Thai 117-123 Download
Assessment of the relationship between perceptions of dental aesthetics and demand for orthodontic treatment in 10 – 11 year old school children in Birmingham, UK. 124-128 Download


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