March 2016

Volume 33, Issue 1

Are oral health-related self-efficacy, knowledge and fatalism indicators for non-toothbrush ownership in a homeless population?

Authors: L. Jamieson M. Steffens E. Parker D. Brennan K. Jones
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3823Jones06

Abstract

Aim: To determine if the social cognitive theory (SCT)-constructs of oral health-related efficacy, knowledge and fatalism were indicators of non-toothbrush ownership in a metropolitan-based homeless population in Australia. Methods: Self-report data were collected from a convenience sample of 248 homeless participants located in Adelaide, Australia. Log binomial regression was used to estimate the strength of the association of the SCT constructs efficacy, knowledge and fatalism with the frequency of non-ownership of a toothbrush before and after adjusting for selected characteristics and associated factors. Results: Of the study population (aged 17–78 years, 79% male) just over one-fifth (21%) did not own a toothbrush. In an unadjusted model, low self-efficacy (PR=1.18) and low knowledge (1.27) were indicators for non-toothbrush ownership. These relationships were attenuated by 5.2% and 3.2% respectively after adjusting for social determinants, health factors, substance use and dental service utilisation-related factors, but remained statistically significant in the final model. Conclusions: Poor oral health-related self-efficacy and knowledge were both indicators for non-ownership of a toothbrush among a homeless population. This relationship held even after adjustment for relevant social and behavioural factors. Fatalism was not an indicator for non-toothbrush ownership in this population. Key words: self-efficacy, toothbrushing, homeless, knowledge, fatalism, oral health, Australia

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Editorial: An invitation to the European Association of Dental Public Health 21st birthday! 4-5 Download
A review of daycase GA services for Special Care patients at University Hospital, Bristol 6-8 £10 single article
Evaluation of the telephone and clinical NHS urgent dental service in Sheffield 9-14 £10 single article
Dental service provision by oral health therapists, dental hygienists and dental therapists in Australia: implications for workforce modelling 15-22 Download
Fluoride varnish or fluoride mouth rinse? A comparative study of two school-based programs 23-26 £10 single article
A randomized controlled trial of cluster audit and feedback on the quality of dental sealant for rural schoolchildren 27-32 £10 single article
Identifying and prioritising areas of child dental service need: a GIS-based approach 33-38 £10 single article
Areca chewing among Sri Lankan adolescents 39-43 £10 single article
Identification of barriers and beliefs influencing engagement by adult and teen Mexican-Americans in oral health behaviors 44-47 £10 single article
Are oral health-related self-efficacy, knowledge and fatalism indicators for non-toothbrush ownership in a homeless population? 48-53 £10 single article
Sense of coherence modifies the association between untreated dental caries and dental pain in low-social status women 54-59 £10 single article
Oral cancer awareness in young South-Asian communities in London 60-65 £10 single article

Subscribe

Print
£130
Online (Single user only)
£130
Print & Online (Single user only)
£150
Institution Online (IP address validation)
£220

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.