March 2016

Volume 33, Issue 1

Identification of barriers and beliefs influencing engagement by adult and teen Mexican-Americans in oral health behaviors

Authors: G. Maupome R. Goldsworthy C. Westerhold O. Aguirre-Zero
doi: 10.1922/CDH_3672Aguirre-Zero04


Objective: To identify barriers and beliefs influencing oral health and dental care-seeking among Mexican-Americans. Research Design: Interviews and Likert-scale survey questions were utilized to explore urgent and preventive dental care-seeking, oral hygiene habits and lifestyle practices. Thirty-three interviews were conducted with 16 adults (ages 33-52), and 17 adolescents (ages 14-19). Results: Teens identified the same main barriers to accessing dental care as adults: high cost, financial limitations and lack of insurance. Most MexicanAmericans agreed with the belief that everyone will need urgent dental treatment and the majority believed that going to a dentist in private practice instead of the Emergency Room was important. Although adults recognized the importance of preventive dental care, half reported being unlikely to seek such care while half of teens reported that they were likely to do so. Adults reported relying equally on themselves and on peers to make dental care decisions, while teens mostly depended on others to make decisions about urgent and preventive care. Virtually all respondents believed regular brushing to be important and many flossing too. A major barrier to flossing was being unsure of the proper technique. Another barrier to better oral health was not having seen messages encouraging changes in lifestyle. Conclusions: This study found that Mexican-American teens and adults may experience oral health similarly. Teens do not have more positive oral health beliefs and encounter mostly the same barriers to care as adults. Key words: Mexican-American, oral health, health services needs and demand, dental care, oral hygiene, toothbrushing, adolescent, USA


Other articles in this issue

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Editorial: An invitation to the European Association of Dental Public Health 21st birthday! 4-5 Download
A review of daycase GA services for Special Care patients at University Hospital, Bristol 6-8 Download
Evaluation of the telephone and clinical NHS urgent dental service in Sheffield 9-14 Download
Dental service provision by oral health therapists, dental hygienists and dental therapists in Australia: implications for workforce modelling 15-22 Download
Fluoride varnish or fluoride mouth rinse? A comparative study of two school-based programs 23-26 Download
A randomized controlled trial of cluster audit and feedback on the quality of dental sealant for rural schoolchildren 27-32 Download
Identifying and prioritising areas of child dental service need: a GIS-based approach 33-38 Download
Areca chewing among Sri Lankan adolescents 39-43 Download
Identification of barriers and beliefs influencing engagement by adult and teen Mexican-Americans in oral health behaviors 44-47 Download
Are oral health-related self-efficacy, knowledge and fatalism indicators for non-toothbrush ownership in a homeless population? 48-53 Download
Sense of coherence modifies the association between untreated dental caries and dental pain in low-social status women 54-59 Download
Oral cancer awareness in young South-Asian communities in London 60-65 Download


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