June 2017

Volume 34, Issue 2

Ethnic Disparities in Oral Health Related Quality of Life among Adults in London, England

Authors: R. Abdelrahim E.K. Delgado-Angulo J.E. Gallagher E. Bernabé
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4067Abderlrahim06


Objective: To explore ethnic disparities in oral health related quality of life (OHQoL) among adults, and the role that socioeconomic factors play in that association. Research design: Data from 705 adults from a socially deprived, ethnically diverse metropolitan area of London(England) were analysed for this study. Ethnicity was self-assigned based on the 2001 UK Census categories. OHQoL was measured using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14), which provides information on the prevalence, extent and intensity of oral impacts on quality of life in the previous 12 months. Ethnic disparities were assessed in logistic regression models for prevalence of oral impacts and negative binomial regression models for extent and intensity of oral impacts. Results: The prevalence of oral impacts was 12.7% (95% CI: 10.2-15.1) and the mean OHIP-14 extent and severity scores were 0.27 (95% CI: 0.20-0.34) and 4.19 (95% CI: 3.74-4.64), respectively. Black adults showed greater and Asian adults lower prevalence, extent and severity of oral impacts than White adults. However, significant differences were only found for the extent of oral impacts; Black adults reporting more and Asian adults fewer OHIP-14 items affected than their White counterparts. After adjustments for socioeconomic factors, Asian adults had significantly fewer OHIP-14 items affected than White adults (rate ratio: 0.28; 95%CI: 0.08-0.94). Conclusion: This study found disparities in OHQoL between the three main ethnic groups in South East London. Asian adults had better and Black adults had similar OHQoL than White adults after accounting for demographic and social factors. Key words: ethnic groups; health status disparities; social determinants of health; oral health; quality of life


Other articles in this issue

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Factors affecting dental fluorosis in low socioeconomic status children in Mexico 66-71 Download
Use of Jamaican Sign language in the provision of dental health care 72-76 Download
Communities in action: developing a dental ambassador training programme for adults with learning disability 77-79 Download
Improving Care for Bariatric Dental Patients in North Wales 80-83 Download
Public health intervention over four decades for the children in the Australian Capital Territory: Have we reached the point of diminishing returns? 84-87 Download
Relationship between mental health risk factors and oral symptoms in adolescents: Korea Youth Risk Behavior Webbased Survey, 2013 88-92 Download
What proportion of caries into dentine at age 5 is present at age 3? 93-96 Download
PeP-SCOT a health coaching intervention for people in prisons: the development of the intervention protocol 97-101 Download
Productive efficiency and its determinants in the Community Dental Service in the north-west of England 102-106 Download
Caries prevalence and treatment needs in young people in Portugal: the third national study 107-111 Download
Socio-demographic and area-related factors associated with the prevalence of caries among preschool children in Greece. 112-117 Download
Dental caries experience, rather than toothbrushing, influences the incidence of dental caries in young Japanese adults 118-121 Download
Ethnic Disparities in Oral Health Related Quality of Life among Adults in London, England 122-127 Download


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