June 2017

Volume 34, Issue 2

Socio-demographic and area-related factors associated with the prevalence of caries among preschool children in Greece.

Authors: M. Mantonanaki T. Hatzichristos H. Koletsi-Kounari W. Papaioannou
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4034Mantonanaki06


Objective: To assess dental caries experience in 4-6 year old children of the Athens Metropolitan Area attending public kindergartens and investigate the association of area deprivation and immigration status on dmft. Basic research design: A cross-sectional study of a large area-stratified sample of 683 kindergarten children was conducted during the academic years 2009-2011. Dental caries experience and oral hygiene level were assessed using dmft and the Simplified Debris index (DI-s). Area deprivation was defined using a pre-established Geo-demographic System for Attica. Zero-inflated Poisson regression models were used to test associations between the dmft index and related factors; gender, age, immigrant background and area deprivation. Differences were reported in terms of predicted probabilities. Results: Caries prevalence was 20.8% (95% CI17.8,24.0%). The mean dmft and DI-s scores were 0.67 (95% CI0.61,0.74) and 0.16 (95% CI0.14,0.18) respectively. The mean predicted probability of having no detectable caries experience was 79% (95% CI75, 83%), while the probability of having dmft=1 or 2 was 6% (95% CI5,8%) and 2% (95% CI1,3%) respectively. The predicted probability of having no caries experience was substantially lower for males, those from the least affluent areas and non-Greeks by 5%, 18% and 31% respectively. Regarding dmft scores, deprived children were more likely to have 1 or 2 teeth with caries experience by 9% (95% CI4,13%) and 6%(95% CI2,10%) respectively, while the corresponding differences for non-Greeks were 10% (95% CI7,14%) and 12% (95% CI7,15%). Conclusions: Socio-demographic and area-related variations in oral health exist among kindergarten children in Athens. Key words: socio demographic factors, prevalence of dental caries, pre-school children, Greece


Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Factors affecting dental fluorosis in low socioeconomic status children in Mexico 66-71 Download
Use of Jamaican Sign language in the provision of dental health care 72-76 Download
Communities in action: developing a dental ambassador training programme for adults with learning disability 77-79 Download
Improving Care for Bariatric Dental Patients in North Wales 80-83 Download
Public health intervention over four decades for the children in the Australian Capital Territory: Have we reached the point of diminishing returns? 84-87 Download
Relationship between mental health risk factors and oral symptoms in adolescents: Korea Youth Risk Behavior Webbased Survey, 2013 88-92 Download
What proportion of caries into dentine at age 5 is present at age 3? 93-96 Download
PeP-SCOT a health coaching intervention for people in prisons: the development of the intervention protocol 97-101 Download
Productive efficiency and its determinants in the Community Dental Service in the north-west of England 102-106 Download
Caries prevalence and treatment needs in young people in Portugal: the third national study 107-111 Download
Socio-demographic and area-related factors associated with the prevalence of caries among preschool children in Greece. 112-117 Download
Dental caries experience, rather than toothbrushing, influences the incidence of dental caries in young Japanese adults 118-121 Download
Ethnic Disparities in Oral Health Related Quality of Life among Adults in London, England 122-127 Download


Online (Single user only)
Institution Online (IP address validation)

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.