June 2017

Volume 34, Issue 2

Socio-demographic and area-related factors associated with the prevalence of caries among preschool children in Greece.

Authors: M. Mantonanaki T. Hatzichristos H. Koletsi-Kounari W. Papaioannou
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4034Mantonanaki06

Abstract

Objective: To assess dental caries experience in 4-6 year old children of the Athens Metropolitan Area attending public kindergartens and investigate the association of area deprivation and immigration status on dmft. Basic research design: A cross-sectional study of a large area-stratified sample of 683 kindergarten children was conducted during the academic years 2009-2011. Dental caries experience and oral hygiene level were assessed using dmft and the Simplified Debris index (DI-s). Area deprivation was defined using a pre-established Geo-demographic System for Attica. Zero-inflated Poisson regression models were used to test associations between the dmft index and related factors; gender, age, immigrant background and area deprivation. Differences were reported in terms of predicted probabilities. Results: Caries prevalence was 20.8% (95% CI17.8,24.0%). The mean dmft and DI-s scores were 0.67 (95% CI0.61,0.74) and 0.16 (95% CI0.14,0.18) respectively. The mean predicted probability of having no detectable caries experience was 79% (95% CI75, 83%), while the probability of having dmft=1 or 2 was 6% (95% CI5,8%) and 2% (95% CI1,3%) respectively. The predicted probability of having no caries experience was substantially lower for males, those from the least affluent areas and non-Greeks by 5%, 18% and 31% respectively. Regarding dmft scores, deprived children were more likely to have 1 or 2 teeth with caries experience by 9% (95% CI4,13%) and 6%(95% CI2,10%) respectively, while the corresponding differences for non-Greeks were 10% (95% CI7,14%) and 12% (95% CI7,15%). Conclusions: Socio-demographic and area-related variations in oral health exist among kindergarten children in Athens. Key words: socio demographic factors, prevalence of dental caries, pre-school children, Greece

£10 single article

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
Factors affecting dental fluorosis in low socioeconomic status children in Mexico 66-71 £10 single article
Use of Jamaican Sign language in the provision of dental health care 72-76 £10 single article
Communities in action: developing a dental ambassador training programme for adults with learning disability 77-79 £10 single article
Improving Care for Bariatric Dental Patients in North Wales 80-83 £10 single article
Public health intervention over four decades for the children in the Australian Capital Territory: Have we reached the point of diminishing returns? 84-87 £10 single article
Relationship between mental health risk factors and oral symptoms in adolescents: Korea Youth Risk Behavior Webbased Survey, 2013 88-92 £10 single article
What proportion of caries into dentine at age 5 is present at age 3? 93-96 £10 single article
PeP-SCOT a health coaching intervention for people in prisons: the development of the intervention protocol 97-101 Download
Productive efficiency and its determinants in the Community Dental Service in the north-west of England 102-106 £10 single article
Caries prevalence and treatment needs in young people in Portugal: the third national study 107-111 £10 single article
Socio-demographic and area-related factors associated with the prevalence of caries among preschool children in Greece. 112-117 £10 single article
Dental caries experience, rather than toothbrushing, influences the incidence of dental caries in young Japanese adults 118-121 £10 single article
Ethnic Disparities in Oral Health Related Quality of Life among Adults in London, England 122-127 £10 single article

Subscribe

Print
£130
Online (Single user only)
£130
Print & Online (Single user only)
£150
Institution Online (IP address validation)
£220

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.