September 2017

Volume 34, Issue 3

Type 2 diabetes as a risk indicator for dental caries in Korean adults: the 2011-2012 Korea national health and nutrition examination survey

Authors: In-Seok Song Kyungdo Han Yong-Moon Park Jae-Jun Ryu Jun-Beom Park
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4113Song07

Abstract

Objectives: The associations between type 2 diabetes (T2D) and untreated dental caries was examined. This study hypothesized that there would be a positive association between T2D and the prevalence of decayed permanent teeth (DT) in representative Korean adults. Methods: The information was derived from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2011-2012. Sociodemographic and lifestyle variables, anthropometric and biochemical status, metabolic health and glucose tolerance status, oral health behaviors, and dental caries index were evaluated. Results: The number of DT had a positive association with degree of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) (p-value = 0.045 and 0.007, respectively). The levels of FPG and HbA1c increased with the number of DT (p for trend = 0.009 and 0.004, respectively). The prevalence of untreated caries uncontrolled T2D participants was about 26% higher than those with normal glucose tolerance levels after adjusting for potential confounders including diets and socioeconomic status (OR [95% CI] = 1.26 [1.02, 1.56]). Conclusions: T2D is an independent risk indicator for untreated caries in Korean adults. Keywords: diabetes mellitus, epidemiology, metabolic diseases, nutrition survey, oral health, dental caries

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