September 2017

Volume 34, Issue 3

The caries experience of 5 year-old children in Scotland in 2013-2014, and in England and Wales in 2014-2015. Reports of cross-sectional dental surveys using BASCD criteria

Authors: C. M. Jones G.M. Davies N. Monaghan M.Z. Morgan J.S. Neville N.B. Pitts
doi: 10.1922/CDH_4085Jones06

Abstract

Objective: We report the findings from and comment on the surveys of the oral health of 5-year-old children undertaken in Scotland (2013-14), Wales (2014-15) and England (2014-15). This was the fourteenth survey in Scotland since 1988. In England and Wales it is the third survey since 2007 when changes were required in consent arrangements. Method: Representative samples were drawn within Health Boards across Scotland and local authorities across England and Wales. Consent was sought via opt-out parental consent in Scotland and opt-in parental consent in England and Wales. Children examined were those aged five in England and those in Primary 1 (school year aged 5 to 6) in Scotland and Wales. Examinations were conducted in schools by trained and calibrated examiners. Caries was visually diagnosed at the dentinal threshold. Results: There is a continuing decline in d3mft in all three countries. d3mft was 1.27 (opt-out consent) for Scotland, 0.84 for England (opt-in consent) and 1.29 for Wales (opt-in consent). Tooth decay levels remain higher in more deprived areas across Great Britain, with clear inequalities gradients demonstrated across all geographies. Attempts to measure changes in dental health inequalities across the three countries show no conclusive trends. Conclusion: Inter-country comparisons provide further oral health intelligence despite differences in approach and timing. The third surveys in England and Wales using the new consent arrangements have enabled trend analysis. Dental health inequalities gradients were shown across all geographies and all of the indicators of inequality. Key words: epidemiology, dental caries, caries prevalence, national surveys, children

Download

Other articles in this issue

Article Pages Access
BDEF Writers page 130-130 £10 single article
A scoping review of the uses of the care index in children 131-136 Download
Using Normalisation Process Theory to investigate the implementation of school-based oral health promotion 137-142 £10 single article
The oral health condition and treatment needs of nursing home residents in Flanders (Belgium). 143-151 £10 single article
Prevalence, severity and extent of chronic periodontitis among Sri Lankan adults 152-156 £10 single article
The caries experience of 5 year-old children in Scotland in 2013-2014, and in England and Wales in 2014-2015. Reports of cross-sectional dental surveys using BASCD criteria 157-162 Download
Preferences for dental decisional control and associations with quality of life among third molar patients attending public dental services 163-168 £10 single article
Type 2 diabetes as a risk indicator for dental caries in Korean adults: the 2011-2012 Korea national health and nutrition examination survey 169-175 £10 single article
Development and validation of the Child Oral Health Impact Profile – Preschool version 176-182 £10 single article
Association between excessive Internet use and oral health behaviors of Korean adolescents: A 2015 national survey 183-189 £10 single article

Subscribe

Print
£130
Online (Single user only)
£130
Print & Online (Single user only)
£150
Institution Online (IP address validation)
£220

Back issues may be obtained from the publisher

Consider recommending subscription to your institution's library

You can view Open Access papers without a subscription.